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18 terms

Ch.1: Introduction to Emergency Medical Care

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Advanded Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)
designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing "EMT-I" level with the addition of the use of advanced airway devices, monitoring of blood glucose levels, initiation of intravenous and intraosseous infusions, and adminitstration of a select number of medications
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
a federal law passed in 1990 that protects individuals with a documented disability from being denied initial or continued employment based on their disability
Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)
designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing "first responder" level
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing "EMT-B" level with the addition of advanced oxygen therapy and ventilation equipment, pulse oximetry, use of automatic blood pressure monitoring equipment, and limited medical administration
EMT-Basic (EMT-B)
emergency medical technician trained to the basic level
EMT-Intermediate (EMT-I)
emergency medical technician trained to the intermediate level
EMT-Paramedic (EMT-P)
emergency medical technician trained to the paramedic level
First Responder
a person typically trained to the first-responder level who is likely to be the first person on the scene with emergency care training
medical direction
medical policies, procedures, and practices that are available to EMS providers either off-line or on-line
medical director
physician who is legally responsible for the clinical and patient care aspects of the EMS system
medical oversight
a medical director's broad responsibilities, including all clinical and administrative functions and activities necessary to exercise ultimate responsibility for the emergency care provided by individual personnel and the entire EMS system
off-line medical direction
medical policies, procedures, and practices that medical direction has established in written guidelines
on-line medical direction
direct orders from a physician to a prehospital care provider given by radio or telephone
Paramedic
designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing EMT-P level to provide the highest level of prehospital care, including advanced assessments, formation of a field impression, and invasive and drug interventions
prehospital care
emergency medical treatment given to patients before they are transported to a hospital or other facility. Also called "out-of-hospital care"
protocols
the policies and procedures for all components of an EMS system. Also called "orders" or "standing orders"
quality improvement (QI)
a system of internal and external reviews and audits of an EMS system to ensure a high quality of care. Also known as "continuous quality improvement (CQI)"
standing orders
preauthorized treatment procedures; a type of treatment protocol