Music Appreciation: Romantic Era
Terms in this set (38)
Dates for Romantic era
Characteristics of Romanticism
Gothic characteristic; Individuality of style - composers want uniquely identifiable music. Expresses beauty through imagination and powerful emotions.
Characteristics of nationalism in music - what kinds of musical elements are used?
Music with a national identity. Musical elements: use of folk songs, folk dances or folk rhythms, or on the adoption of nationalist subjects for operas, symphonic poems, or other forms of music.
Characteristics of exoticism in music
Genre in which the rhythms, melodies, or instrumentation are designed to evoke the atmosphere of foreign lands or ancient times.
Stolen time. Expressive and rhythmic freedom by a slight speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece at the discretion of either a soloist or the conductor.
A recurring theme or character trait that serves as the structural foundation of a work (associated with Berlioz)
A recurrent theme throughout the musical composition (associated with Richard Wagner)
The text of an opera or other long vocal work
Association with a story/poem/idea/theme. Understanding the music enhanced through reading program or viewing associated work.
A German art-song for solo voice and piano.
Composition for solo voice and piano; linked to vast amount of poetry in this period
Repeats music for each verse
New music each verse
Beethoven's influence on successive composers
Beethoven is indeed a great composer in the Classical period, mastering the Classical style and bridging the Classical period to the Romantic period. In many ways, Beethoven was a composer ahead of his time, and his ideas in music writing has influenced many composers after him in the orchestral genre.
Quality of middle class musical life
Concert opportunities were for the middle class. The piano continued to flourish in the Romantic Period because of its importance in the Classical Period
Born in Vienna (1797-1828) Early Romantic Composer
Prodigious output - wrote 143 songs by the age of 18 and 179 songs by the age of 19.
Wrote over 600 songs.
The Unfinished Symphony - only 2 movements, not 4.
German, Early to mid Romantic (1810-1856)
Wanted to be a piano virtuoso - married his piano teacher's daughter.
Temperamentally unsuited for some of the musical positions that he attempted.
Committed to asylum where he then died.
Leading concert pianist; one of the first well known women composers.
Married Robert Schumann. Stopped composing after he died and focused on performing his works.
Helped Johannes Brahms get his start.
Polish born musician (1810-1849)
Poet of the piano.
Moved to Paris at the age of 21.
Known for his beautiful tone, rhythmic flexibility and extensive use of piano pedals.
Piano teacher to the daughters of the rich - avoided concert halls.
Wrote nocturnes, mazurkas, preludes, and waltzes.
Hungarian born composer (1811-1866)
Touring concert pianist until the age of 36.
Incredible performer and show man - "rock star"
Retired from touring and became court conductor
German, Early to mid-Romantic Composer (1809-1847)
Developed early - wrote symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and other works before being a teenager.
Responsible for the revival of Bach's music.
Died of a stroke while touring.
French, Mid-Romantic period (1803-1869)
Wrote unconventional music - passionate and unpredictable.
Won Prix de Rome for Symphonie Fantastique.
Worked as music critic for support.
One of the first of the great conductors.
The father of Czech music.
Was a skilled pianist - gave his first public performance at the age of 6.
Went completely deaf at the end of his lifetime.
Wrote the Moldau, which was a naturalistic piece. Two rivers in Czechoslovakia.
Followed Smetana composing Czech national music (1841-1904)
As a teenager, he played in orchestra under Smetana.
Got his break when Brahms heard him.
Became director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York.
He urged Americans to write nationalist music.
Russian, Late Romantic (1840-1893)
Studied music in Russia - did not start until the age of 21. By age 30, had a symphony, opera, tone poem, and his first great orchestra work.
Was married and divorced 2 weeks later.
He was supported by a benefactress he had never met.
Traveled Europe and the United States.
German composer (1833-1897)
Son of a musician (father played bass)
At the age of 13, he studied music by day and played gigs by night.
Became close friends with the Schumann's.
Studied earlier composers' work in detail.
Italian, Mid-and late Romantic Composer (1813-1901)
Studied in Busseto and Milan - supported by patron and married patron's daughter.
Known for opera - wrote operas with political overtones - Nationalist.
Critics bladed his scandalous subjects - seemed to condone rape, suicide, and "free love"
Italian, Late-Romantic Composer (1858-1924)
Known primarily for his operas.
Became wealthy and world famous due to the popularity of his music.
Made use of Exoticism, setting his operas in foreign places.
Short melodies, simple phrases, and realistic dialog.
German, Mid to late Romantic Composer (1813-1883)
Studied in Germany, later moved to Paris, returned to Germany, and finally settled and succeeded in Munich, Bavaria.
Lived large off of others - ran up debts.
Wrote in many styles, and was famous for his operas.
Ride of the Valkyries
Very familiar in many movies.
The 1812 Overture
Starts with hunting horns; only piece with a canon-sound
Two rivers flowing - played by the string instruments
La donna e mobile
The opera starts with the words "La donna e mobile"
Repeated notes played on the piano; has words that begin about 25 seconds in
O mio babbino caro
The opera starts with the words "O mil babbino caro"
Only piece that is all piano
The New World Symphony
Starts with an English Horn solo