20 terms

AP Language Rhetoric Set 1

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Ad Hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
Adage
a familiar proverb or wise saying
Allegory
an extended narrative in prose or verse in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface of the story; the underlying meaning may be moral, religious, political, social, or satiric.
Alliteration
the repetition of initial sounds in successive or neighboring words
Allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical
Analogy
a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
Anaphora
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
Anecdote
a brief narrative that focuses on a particular incident or event
Antecedent
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
Antithesis
the presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraphs. Examples: "To be or not to be..." Shakespeare's Hamlet "
Aphorism
a short, often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life. Examples: "Early bird gets the worm." "
Apostrophe
usually in poetry but sometimes in prose; the device of calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person or to a place, thing, or personified abstraction
Asyndeton
Commas used (with no conjunction) to separate a series of words. The parts are emphasized equally when the conjunction is omitted; in addition, the use of commas with no intervening conjunction speeds up the flow of the sentence.
Caricature
descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature of a person's appearance or a facet of personality.
Chiasmus
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed
Colloquialism
informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing
Conceit
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
Connotation
implied or suggested meaning of a word because of its association in the reader's mind.
Denotation
literal meaning of a word as defined
Diction
word choice, an element of style; it creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning. Different types and arrangements of words have significant effects on meaning. An essay written in academic ______ would be much less colorful, but perhaps more precise than street slang.
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