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45 terms

Unit 6:4 Skeletal System

Skeletal system.
STUDY
PLAY
Suture
Area where cranial bones have joined together.
Endosteum
Membrane that lines the medullary canal.
Periosteum
Tough membrane on the outside of bone.
Ribs
Twelve pairs of bones that surround the heart and lungs.
Fibula
Lateral bone of the lower leg.
Os Coxae
Two bones that form the pelvic girdle.
Ligament
Connective tissue band that holds bones together.
Carpal
Wrist bone.
Yellow Marrow
Material inside the medullary canal.
Cranium
Eight bones that surround and protect the brain.
Radius
Lower arm bone on thumb side.
Appendicular
Bones that form the extremeties.
Sternum
Breastbone.
Femur
Thigh bone.
Red Marrow
Material foind in some bones that produces blood cells.
Tarsal
Anklebone.
Ulna
Larger bone of lower arm.
Sinuses
Air spaces in the bones of the skull.
Epiphysis
An extremity or end of bone.
Axial
Bones that form the main trunk of the body.
Diaphysis
Long shaft of bones.
Humerus
Upper arm bone.
Vertebrae
Twenty-six bones of the spinal column.
Joint
Area where two or more bones join together.
Scapula
Shoulder bone or shoulder blade.
Tibia
Medial bone of the lower leg.
Framework, protection, levers, production of blood cells, and storage
Five functions of bones.
Frontal, parietal(2x), temporal(2x), occipital, ethmoid, and sphenoid
Eight bones that form the cranium.
7 Cervical, 12 Thoracic, 5 Lumbar, Sacrum, and Coccyx
Twenty-six vertebrae.
True Ribs
Attach directly to the sternum on the front of the body.
False Ribs
Attach to the carilage of the rib above.
Floating Ribs
Have NO attachment on the front of the body.
Xiphoid Process
Small piece of cartilage at the bottom of the sternum.
Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
Three regions on each ox coxae.
Diarthrosis
Freely movable.
Amphiarthrosis
Slightly movable.
Synathrosis
Immovable.
Arthritis
Mostly occurs as a result of aging.
Fractures
A crack or break in a bone.
Osteomyelitis
Bone inflammation usually caused by a pathogenic organism.
Osteoporosis
Increased porosity or softening of the bones; causes by a hormone deficiency.
Sprain
When a twisting action tears the ligaments at a joint.
Bursitis
Inflammation of the bursae, small, fluid-filled sacs surrounding the joints.
Dislocation
When a bone is forcibly displaced from a joint.
Scoliosis
A side-to-side, or lateral, curvature of the spine.