Chapter 7: The Midwest
Terms in this set (33)
the Central Plains
the eastern part of the Midwest
an area of rough land and light vegetation in western South Dakota
the Northwest Ordinance
stated that land in the Midwest be divided into at least three but no more than five states
the Great Plains
the western part of the Midwest that stretches to the Rocky Mountains
the center of a transportation network
religious people who set up settlements to teach religion
land that is capable of growing crops
a destructive column of spinning air with winds that can reach more than 300 miles per hour
What is true about the Great Lakes?
They were formed by glaciers.
What is the climate like in the Midwest?
The summers can be very hot and winters very cold.
What is the Midwest often called because extreme weather is common and dangerous?
Which natural resource was mined in Indiana and covers part of New York City's Empire State Building?
How did the Ojibwa, also known as the Chippewa, adapt to the Midwest's geography?
by hunting in forests, fishing in lakes and rivers, and gathering fruits and wild rice
Which crops grow well in the Great Plains, where farms do not get as much rain as those in the Central Plains?
Wheat and oats
What is true of the Midwest's workforce?
They work in many different industries including, technology, service, and health care.
What is the landscape of the Midwest like?
It is a plains are between two mountain ranges.
What was one effect of the migration of large numbers of settlers to the Midwest in the 1800s?
Native Americans were forced to leave their ancestral lands due to actions of settlers and the United States government.
How do people use the Midwest's environment to their advantage?
The region's fish supply was important to the economies of both Native Americans and European settlers.
How were the Great Lakes formed?
Glaciers moved across the land and formed deep pits. When the glaciers melted, water filled the pits and formed the Great Lakes.
What two major rivers flow through the Midwest?
The Mississippi and the Missouri
What waterway system connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean, leading to a large increase in trade in the Midwest's shipping cities?
The St. Lawrence Seaway
What is the longest river in the Midwest?
The Missouri River
What are three natural features that make the Midwest an excellent farming region?
level, fertile land; good rainfall; and a long growing season
What are two ways the people in the Midwest use resources from their environment to obtain economic benefit?
They mine iron ore and extract limestone from the earth. These materials are used in manufacturing and construction.
What describes the land of the Midwest and its role in farming?
the region's level land has deep, fertile soil that is ideal for farming.
What feature of the Midwest's plant life made the region an ideal habitat for the American bison?
The grasslands were an excellent food source for the bison.
Which is true about how the glaciers led to the formation of the Great Lakes?
When glaciers melted, the water filled pits they had created to form the Great Lakes.
The Midwest's economy has expanded beyond farming and transportation in modern times. What are two industries that have become important recently in the Midwest?
Tourism and healthcare
Which city began as a trading post on Lake Michigan and developed into the Midwest's largest city?
Which answer choice BEST explains why many people, including African Americans from the South and European immigrants, migrated to the Midwest in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
Factories opened in the Midwest to take advantage of the region's excellent water and rail transportation systems and its natural resources. Those factories attracted new settlers.
In the 1700s and 1800s, why did most settlers move to the Midwest?
To become farmers
Much of the country's pork comes from states such as Minnesota and Iowa. A lot of corn is also grown in these states. How does growing corn make raising hogs a natural fit in these states?
Raising hogs is a natural fit with growing corn in states such as Minnesota and Iowa because hogs feed on corn.
Name an industry besides farming that is important to the Midwest's economy today. Give an example of how the industry contributes to the region's economy.
POSSIBLE RESPONSE: One industry that is important in today's Midwestern economy is tourism. People from other parts of the country and world visit places in the Midwest such as Chicago, the Great Lakes, and Mount Rushmore.
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