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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 17 and 19 (The Cold War)
Terms in this set (60)
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)
Iran's leader after WWII who embraced Western governments and wealthy western oil companies
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
Chinese nationalist leader that was against Mao; supported by the US; loss to Mao, so he and his followers fled to Taiwan
Cultural Revolution (China)
Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation.
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years.
Reform Law of 1950 (China)
Under chairman Mao, the government took away land from the landlords and gave it to the peasants. Resulted in the death of 1 million people.
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev which called for more openness with the nations of West, and a relaxing of restraints on Soviet citizenry.
an economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union
A process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one by allowing for free elections
Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
Dividing line between North and South Korea
President Richard Nixon's strategy for ending U.S involvement in the Vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawal of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
Dien Bien Phu
The place that the final battle took place that forced the French out of Vietnam
a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968. Resulted in the decline in U.S. public support of the war.
Viet Cong (VC)
South Vietnam rebels who used guerrilla warfare to try to topple US powers in Vietnam
Viet Minh (Vietminh)
Communist supporters of Ho Chi Minh whose intention was to get foreigners out of Vietnam
August coup (1991)
1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt by members of the Soviet Union's government to take control of the country from Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev.
Causes for the Collapse of the Soviet Union (1991)
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.
A Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. He co-founded Solidarity, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
the military leader of Poland who agreed to hold Poland's first free election since the Communists had taken power
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Fall of the Berlin Wall
The removal of the wall that separated East and West Germany in 1989. Symbolized the end of the Cold War.
the ruler of East Germany who took down the Berlin Wall, removed the power monopoly of the Communists and resigned the East German Communist Party altogether, and called for free elections
Chancellor of West Germany during the reunification of East and West Germany
Serbian and Yugoslav politician who was the President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000. Known for his invasion of former Yugoslavian states and policies of ethnic cleansing.
This militant communist leader of Romania attempted to keep his power by force, but was defeated and sent to the Hague to be executed by demand of a military court
1989 Communist leader resigned Czechoslovakia after he was voted out of government.
the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society.
Result of Korean War
cease-fire (still in existence today) reached in 1953 and the border was restored at the 38th parallel
Result of Vietnam War
North and South Vietnam kept fighting until North Vietnam came out victorious; Laos and Cambodia falls to Communism
Causes of the Cold War
No free elections in eastern Europe; USSR demands reparations from Germany; ideological differences
the act of spying, especially a government spy obtaining secrets of another government
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
Arms Race (Cold War)
America and USSR competed for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons
Countries used this athletic competition to decide which country was superior.
Cold War Propaganda
False or misleading information that is spread to further a cause, took place in the U.S. and Russia during the cold war.
war between Afghanistan and USSR. Afghanistan wins with the help of the US. Big defeat for the USSR.
Muslim warriors from all over the world fighting for defend Muslim duiring Soviet-Afgan War. (freedom fighters).
an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
A group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
Kim Il Sung
Communist leader of North Korea; his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War. He remained in power until 1994.
Mao's Five Year Plan
This plan by Mao was set for the Chinese to have high standards of production targets for industries. This was a success.
the Radical youth of the Cultural Revolution in China starting in 1966. Often wore red armbands and carried Mao's Little Red Book.
large collectivized farms, created by Mao
A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
A 1949 defense alliance initiated by the US, Canada, and 10 Western European nations
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
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