the framework in which the organization defines how tasks are divided, resources are deployed, and departments are coordinated
the degree to which organizational tasks are subdivided into individual jobs; also called division of labor
Chain of command
the unbroken line of authority that links all individuals in the organization and specifies who reports to whom
the formal and legitimate right of a monager to make decisions, issue orders, and allocate resources
obligation employees have to their manager for the successful completion of an assigned task
The process managers use to transfer authority and responsibility to positions below them in the hierarchy
a form of authority in which individuals in management positions have the formal power to direct and control immediate subordinates
Degree to which decision-making authority is given to lower levels in an organization's hierarchy.
Vertical functional approach
grouping of positions into departments based on skills, expertise, work activities and recourse use
Horizontal matrix approach
functional and divisional chains of cofmmand. some employees report to two bosses
Team based approach
This has to do with job design and redesign. It is giving empowerment to teams. It includes teams needing training and development along with communication.
Small, central hub electronically connected to their other organizations that perform vital functions.
The presence of written rules and regulations governing how people in the organization interact.
The basis on which individuals are grouped into departments and departments into the total organization
the grouping of positions into departments based on similar skills, expertise, and resource use.
an organization structure in which departments are grouped based on similar organizational outputs
Cross functional teams
group of employees from various functional departments that meet as a team to resolve mutual problems