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the deployment of organizational resources to achieve strategic goals
the framework in which the organization defines how tasks are divided, resources are deployed, and departments are coordinated
The reporting structure diagram shown on paper or on a computer
the degree to which organizational tasks are subdivided into individual jobs; also called division of labor
Chain of command
the unbroken line of authority that links all individuals in the organization and specifies who reports to whom
Unity of command
a management principle that workers should report to just one boss
the formal and legitimate right of a monager to make decisions, issue orders, and allocate resources
the duty to perform the task or activity an employee has been assigned
obligation employees have to their manager for the successful completion of an assigned task
The process managers use to transfer authority and responsibility to positions below them in the hierarchy
a form of authority in which individuals in management positions have the formal power to direct and control immediate subordinates
a form of authority granted to staff specialists in their area of expertise
span of management
The number of subordinates a manager supervises
a management structure with a large number of hierarchical levels
a management structure with few hierarchical levels
the location of decision authority near top organization levels
Degree to which decision-making authority is given to lower levels in an organization's hierarchy.
Vertical functional approach
grouping of positions into departments based on skills, expertise, work activities and recourse use
Grouped together based on a common product, program, or geographical region
Horizontal matrix approach
functional and divisional chains of cofmmand. some employees report to two bosses
Team based approach
This has to do with job design and redesign. It is giving empowerment to teams. It includes teams needing training and development along with communication.
Small, central hub electronically connected to their other organizations that perform vital functions.
Brings people together temporarily to exploit specific opportunities then disbands
The presence of written rules and regulations governing how people in the organization interact.
The basis on which individuals are grouped into departments and departments into the total organization
the grouping of positions into departments based on similar skills, expertise, and resource use.
an organization structure in which departments are grouped based on similar organizational outputs
Cross functional teams
group of employees from various functional departments that meet as a team to resolve mutual problems
the process by which a manufacturing company uses outside suppliers to provide large components of the product, which are then assembled into a final product by a few workers
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