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Anatomy: Directional Terms

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Anterior
toward the front or in front of a structure
Caudal
Toward the tail o coccyx (inferior end of spine)
Contralateral
On opposite sides of the midline
Deep
Away from the body's surface or body part
Distal
Away from the point or origin of a body part
Dorsal
back or toward the back
inferior
toward the feet or lower part of a structure
intermediate
between two structures
ipsilateral
on the same side of the midline
lateral
away from the body's midline or toward the outer side of a structure
medial
toward the body's midline or toward the inner side of a structure
posterior
toward the back or behind a structure
proximal
closer to the point of origin of a body part
superficial
toward or on the body's surface or body part
superior
toward the head or upper part of a structure toward the front
ventral
toward the front