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a plant that completes its life cycle in one year or less


a plant that needs two years to complete its life cycle


a plant with two seed leaves ex- beans


a material that supplies nutrients to plants


a plant with one seed leaf ex - corn


a plant that needs more than two years to complete its life cycle


the food-making process of plants 6CO2 + 12H20 == C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O

Plant science

the science of plant growth, care, and management


the process by which plants convert food to energy C6H12O6 + 6O2 ==6CO2 + 6H20 + energy


the outer layer of the earth's crust that supports plant growth


the process by which a plant loses water vapor

Germination rate

amount of seeds that germinated divided by the total number of seeds planted

No - till farming

planting crops without tilling the soil


constructing a ditch with a ridge on a slope that is repeated, to help with runoff and erosion, uses water more efficiently

Contour Farming

field operations (plowing, planting) on the contour of the land or at right angles to reduce erosion, improve soil structure, decrease erosion

Crop Rotation

growing plants in different locations in a set sequence; helps control insects/diseases, improves soil structure, decreases erosion


"plumbing system" that moves the water and dissolved minerals up the stem from the roots


tissue that moves food (made in leaves) down the branches, stems and to roots


process of adding nutrients to a plant

Guard Cells

opens/closes the stoma, allows the plant to breathe and transpire


the stem of the leaf


cellular layer of an organism


breathing pore; small openings that open/close necessary for photosynthesis, and transpiration

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