History Chapter 14
Terms in this set (23)
one of the most profitable crops a farmer can grow
pieces of land set aside by the United States for the Indians; here they were promised protection
crossing the continent; from one coast to the other
a sudden rush of animals or people
Booker T. Washington
a great educator who built Tuskegee Institute
George Washington Carver
the scientist whose work with plants helped Southern farmers; taught at Tuskegee Institute for many years. He found multiple uses for the peanut and sweet potato. Encouraged farmers to rotate crops.
men whom ranchers hired to take care of their cattle
inventor of the first mechanical reaper
Union Pacific Company/Central Pacific Company
two railroad companies that built the transcontinental railroad
law that promised 160 acres of free land to settlers in the West who would cultivate or homestead the land for 5 years.
Oklahoma Land Rush
time in 1889 when the government opened Oklahoma for settlement; settlers raced to find land they could call their own
Promontary Point, Utah
place where the Union Pacific Co. and the Central Pacific Co. met and completed the transcontinental railroad
Why were Northerners and Southerners eager to move West?
They were ready to forget the war and make a new life for themselves
animal that provided the Indian with food, shelter and clothing
What 2 changes were brought to our country by the transcontinental railroad?
the railroad helped to settle the West and brought the East and West closer together.
Why were cattle branded?
for identification because cattle grazed on "open range" there were no fences to keep one rancher's cattle from mixing with another rancher's cattle
How were cattle branded?
a hot iron burned a special mark into the hide of a cow or calf
folk songs or ballads (stories in song) they would sing to soothe the tired animals, prevent stampedes or just pass the time on the cattle drive
George Washington Carver urged farmers to plant this crop
These animals were disappearing because white men began to kill off the herds
only frontier that remained to be settled by the middle 1800's
Purpose of "The Long Drive"
to take herds of cattle to the railroad so that the beef could be shipped back East
disagreement between farmers and cowboys
The cowboy wanted his cattle to wander over the plains, but the farmer wanted to fence in his crops