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11 terms

Basic Cell Structure and Their Functions

These are the basic cell parts and functions.
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Nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Cell Membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Nucleolus
The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and partially assembled, located in the nucleus (contains RNA)
Nuclear Envelope
surrounds and protects the nucleus
Cytoplasm
jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended; separates nucleus from cells; aids in cell movement and shape of cell
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, converts nutrients into energy
Vaculole
regulates amount of pressure in the cell, stores nutrients, waste products and water with out it the cell would dry out.
Chloroplast
Converts energy from the sun into chemical energy through photsynthesis
Ribosomes
Found on rough ER and throughout cytoplasm; synthesizes proteins
Lysosomes
Organelle containing digestive enzymes
Golgi Apparatus
stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum