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31 terms

APUSH Ch. 8/9 quiz

STUDY
PLAY
Capitalism
a system of economic production based on the private ownership of property and the contractual exchange of profit of goods, labor, and money
First Bank of the United States
Chartered in 1791 by the Federalists in Congress and was founded by Alexander Hamilton to make commercial loans and issue notes
Second Bank of the United States
Chartered by the Jeffersonian Republicans in Congress in 1816 to provide credit
business cycle
the periodic expansion and contraction of production and employment inherent in an unregulatled market economy
outwork
a production system where merchants would buy raw materials, send them to rural areas to be manufactured by poor farm families, and then sell them in port cities and overseas markets
mercantilism
a set of geovernmental policies designed to enhance national wealth by active intervention into the economy
middle class
sought more egalitarian marriages and more affectionate ways of rearing their children
suffrage
the right to vote
aristocracy
the portion of the population who are born into the upper class
patriarchial power
the father had control of the household
sentimentalism
originated in Europe as part of the romantic movement, celebrated the importance of feeling - a physical, sensuous appreciation of God, nature, and other human beings
companionate marriages
a marriage based on equality and mutual respect
republican motherhood
the idea that the primary political role of American women was to instill a sense of patriotic duty and republican virtue in their children and mold the children into exemplary republican citizens
Lord Dunnmore's Proclamation of 1775
If slaves became loyalists and fought for Britain in the Revolutionary War, they'd be set free
First Rhode Island Company
a volunteer group of free blacks who wished to join the military
manumission act
allowed individual voters to free their slaves
emancipation
the freeing of slaves
Missouri Compromise
Maine could enter the Union as a free state in 1820and Missouri could follow as a slave state in 1821
established church
a church established by the state that is paid for by the tax payers
Industrial Revolution
the growth and mechanization of industry
Market Revolution
the expansion and integration of market
mass production
a system of factory production that often combines sophisticated machinery, a disciplined labor force, and assembly lines to turn out vast quantities of identical goods at low cost.
division of labor
a system of manufacture that assigns specific and repetitive tasks to each worker.
factory
a structure first built by manufacturers in the early nineteenth century to concentrate all aspects of production - and the machinery needed to increase output - all in one location
artisans
skilled laborers ex. blacksmith
Samuel Slater
brought the power loom to America from Britain, which changed the Northeast's textile market forever because they could now produce massive amounts of fabric at once
Francis Lowell
invented the factory, putting all the processes of producing one good under one roof.
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin and inter-changeable parts
Cotton gin
separated the cotton's gentle fibers from the seeds
Inter-changeable parts
initially invented for guns, allowed the owner to only fix the broken part of the machine, not forcing him to buy a whole new one
wage workers
workers who have no particular skill, they work to pay the bills