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34 terms

Chapter 16 World History

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Where is the Cape of Good Hope?
The Southern tip of Africa
Which country was the first from Europe to sail around the Cape of Good Hope?
Portugal
Most of South America was?
Spanish
Most of Brazil was claimed by?
Portugal
What trade between Russia and the West big trade commodity?
Grain
What did the west trade back to Russia?
art and manufactured goods
What place did the East India Company gain in India as a place of trade first?
Calcutta
The region in America colonized by Portugal was?
Brazil
The beginnings of Western Exploration came from?
Portugal
The vikings crossed the Atlantic in the 10th century and named North America?
Vinland
The largest recipients of New World silver were?
China and India
What colonies in North America were Western Institutions and values more apparent in?
French and British
The southern British colonies of the Atlantic seaboard produced?
cash crops
The Portuguese colony established in Africa for slave expeditions for slave exploration was?
Angola
Early English voyages to North America were in search of an?
Arctic route to China
Three technological improvements of the west in the 15th century were?
compass, deep draft ships, and gun powder for gunnery
Who was claimed by Spain as the result of Magellan's circumnavigate the world?
The philippines
Who did the British East India Company rule for much of the 18th century?
India
The Western goods of most interest to the Japanese was?
gunnery
The First Spanish colony on the American mainland was?
Panama
What helped Spain to initially dominate world trade?
Silver
The first Spanish colony on American mainland happened in what year?
1509
What year did the Dutch establish a colony in southern Africa?
1652
What did they trade in the Columbian Exchange?
horses, sheep, cows, pigs, and disease
What did the British East India Company do?
They acted almost like independent governments in the regions they claimed. They did it for India during the 18th century.
What was the result of the Seven Years War?
France lost its' colony because of the Treaty of Paris.
What was the battle where the spanish defeated the Ottomans in a sea battle?
The Battle of Lepanto in 1571
What was a boer?
Dutch settlers in Cape Colony
What port city were the Dutch allowed to trade with in Japan?
Nagasaki
What did Prince Henry the Navigator do?
he organized a series of expeditions along the African coast and also outward to islands.
What two countries make up the Iberian Peninsula?
Spain and Portugal
What ended the 7 years war?
Treaty if Paris
What is the economic theory that stressed governments' promotion of limitation of imports from other nations and internal ecomomies in order to improve tax revenues; popular during 17th and 18th centuries in Europe?
mercantilism
Cape of Good Hope - year
1488