20 terms

Stone Age Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

continent
a mass of continuous land
era
a span of time characterized by an individual, human activity, or culture; synonym for age
archaeology
the scientific study of ancient cultures through the examination of artifacts, buildings, and other remaining material evidence
anthropology
the scientific study of humankind, especially the study of human ancestry
prehistory
the time or period before recorded or written history
artifact
any object made or used by mankind
hominid
humans and their closest relatives
biome
a major ecological community that corresponds to a climate and is characterized by plants that live in and are adapted to that environment
migration
physical movement from one area to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups
Paleolithic Era
the period of the Stone Age marked by the earliest use of tools for hunting and gathering
Neolithic Era
the period of the Stone Age marked by settlement in agricultural communities
forager
someone who survives by hunting and gathering over a large region
agrarian
a type of society based around farming crops and raising livestock
agriculture
farming
settlement
a permanent community where people live
domestication
the process of altering the genetic makeup of plants and animals to make them more useful to humans
arid
dry (as in land or climate)
climate
the usual weather conditions of a place
surplus
having more than you need
nomadism
having no fixed home and moving from place to place