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Chapter 26 Review
Review for Chapter for in the "History Alive! The Ancient World" Book.
Terms in this set (20)
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of one person, usually a king
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of a few people, usually aristocrats
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of one person who is not a lawful king
A form of government in which the ruling power is shared by all citizens
A member of the most powerful and wealthy class in ancient Greek society, usually advise the king in a monarchy.
How did the monarchs gain power?
The monarchs inherited power from their families. The first kings of Greece were elected by the city-states.
Describe life under the monarchy
The monarch had the best life. He was advised by his aristocrats and had many powers. The aristocrats first had no power but they eventually gained more. The king punished people and held religious ceremonies. He also led the armies. He made laws, acted as a judge, collected taxes, and it was unfair for anyone but the king.
How did the monarchy fall?
The monarchy fell when the aristocrats realized that they had more power than the king and overthrew him. First they insisted on laws, and then they got rid of the monarch.
Who were the leaders in an oligarchy?
The leaders in an oligarchy were the aristocrats, usually wealthy landowners or wealthy merchants.
How did they come to power?
They overthrew the king and the were the "best". They were wealthy and powerful.
What was life like under the oligarchy?
The oligarchs had a great life. They had parties and drank wine. They had slaves to entertain them. The poor had a terrible life. They had to work all day in the field, and they could get sold into slavery if they could not pay their debt. It was unfair for them.
How/why did the oligarchy fall?
The oligarchy fell when the poor felt that they had no power and the oligarchs were mean to them. The military leaders of the poor rose to power and overthrew the oligarchs.
What's the difference between a tyranny and a monarchy?
In a tyranny, a tyrant cannot claim he has a legal right to the throne. And also, a tyrant's son does not usually gain power from his father.
How did the tyrants come to power?
The tyrants overthrew the oligarchs and rose to power.
Describe life under the tyranny
The people usually liked the tyrants, because they were the military leaders. They made laws that were good for the poor. Then some tyrants did not like the people and became evil.
How/why did the tyranny fall?
The people overthrew the tyrants because they started to be unbearable to the people.
How is Greek democracy different than US democracy today?
Greek government was direct, and every citizen has a say in voting. Everybody goes to the assembly. In the USA, we have a representative democracy. We vote for representatives to vote for our likings.
Who were the citizens of Athens?
The citizens of Athens were men above the age of 18 and free.
Describe what happened at the assembly
All citizens could vote on a new law or proposal to go to war. Everyone had their say in what they wanted. They ran the city's day to day business, and they could revert important decisions. Powerful people could also persuade people to vote unwisely in an assembly.
Be able to answer the essential question specifically to each type of government: How is power gained, used, and justified?
Power is gained by inheritance from family.
Power is used to do everything and have a good life for himself. He uses his power over the people and the aristocrats. He also used his power to punish people and lead the armies.
Power is justified when the aristocrats overthrow the king.
Power is gained by being a wealthy landowner or merchant.
Power is used to give the oligarchs a great life and make them more rich. The poor have a bad life and work hard. The aristocrats made laws that ruined the poor's lives.
Power is justified when the people overthrow the aristocrats with their armies.
Power is gained by winning the people.
Power is used to make laws to help the people and ruin the aristocrats lives. It may also be used to punish people.
Power is justified when people think the rule is becoming unbearable and he is forced to leave power.
Power is gained by being a citizen.
Power is used to vote on laws in an assembly and vote on proposals to go to war.
Power is justified when everybody has a say in the government.
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