Ethics and Social Justice Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (42)
Working to improve the situation of a marginalized people by appealing to government, taking an active role, action on behalf of justice; charity vs. justice, cycle of awareness, analysis, action to address injustices
The principle of Catholic social teaching that holds that a higher unit of society should not do what a lower unit can do as well (or better), and the higher authority should be responsible for common good
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
showing kindness by giving money or gifts to organizations that need them, short term, justice is long term help and addressing root of cause
The great commandment
Love God with all of your being and love your neighbor as yourself
The responsibility that society has for safeguarding essential human rights and ensuring the just distribution of the earth's resources, with special regard for those people whose basic needs are going unmet.
the social responsibilities that citizens owe their country and society
An approach to punishment designed to repair the harm done to the victim and the community by the offender's criminal act.
This type of justice calls for fairness in agreements and contracts between individuals. It is an equal exchange of goods, money, or services.
a change in global or regional climate patterns, is harmful to the environment and society has a responsibility of addressing the problem
The good of the community as a whole, greatest amount of good for greatest amount of people
sense of right and wrong, development of moral conscience involves: 1.) examine your own opinions, 2.) dialogue with others, 3.) pray for God's guidance, 4.) consult sources (scripture, magisterium, professional), 5.) use your reason and decide
universal destination of goods
The principle that the earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity.
written by a bishop or group of bishops for all Catholics in a specific location, meant to address an injustice in society
An official letter from the pope, usually addressed to all Church members, important documents also used to address injustice in society or important changes that need to occur in the church, ex: Rerum Novarum (advocating for rights of workers)
Having right relationship with God, righteousness, fulfilling covenant
Social structures/structures of sin
Social structures that block justice and fail to protect human rights or human life. Result of personal sin of individuals, leads to more personal sin
the respect owed to all human beings because they are made in God's image, we must always work to give humans dignity and ensure that human rights are being upheld
The rights possessed by all individuals by virtue of being human, regardless of their status as citizens of particular states or members of a group or organization. God given human rights
The right to work, The right to safe working conditions, The right to a fair and decent wage (a living wage), right to form unions to guarantee them and/or go on strike if previous rights were not respected
discriminatory behavior in which those in the majority engage in open, hostile acts of aggression against racial minorities consciously and unapologetically. Being open about racist, not being a "closet" racist and trying to hide it, attempting to openly discriminate and alienate others
Dislike or negative opinions towards a thing or people based on little knowledge of the thing or people, to judge without knowing all of the details
attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner
the ideology that one sex is superior to the other, power gap between men and women, feminization of poverty, men are considered dominant and more powerful than women
an organized association of workers formed to protect and further their rights and interests; a labor union.
Groups lacking desirable traits are excluded from society. These groups include poor, uneducated, undesirable color and language. These groups will stay on the margin of acceptance by society unless there is social intervention. As a society, we need to establish preferential options for the poor and vulnerable so they can have their human rights ensured and live with dignity.
Just War Criteria
just cause, legitimate authority, right intention, probability of success, proportionality, last resort
A movement that uses all means of protest except violence. Examples of forms of protest are civil disobedience, diplomacy, advocacy, but never violence. Leaders such as MLK and Gandhi practice non violent resistance
the belief that any violence, including war, is unjustifiable under any circumstances, and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
The use of Earth's renewable and nonrenewable natural resources in ways that do not constrain resource use in the future. We need to use wisely in order to save resources for the future generations to use. If not, future generations will run out of resources and not be able to survive
the unequal distribution of valued goods and opportunities in society, some people have less opportunities and resources because of financial class, race, gender, ethnicity
a competition between nations to have the most powerful armaments, only leads to more violent war, opposite of what pacifists propose
Poor and marginalized individuals often go hungry because of injustice and inequality they face in society, such as those who succumb to poverty and deep poverty due to societal injustices like racism
the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Exploitation of country's indigenous people is an injustice, like Spain and Columbus' treatment of the Native American populations in the United States. They were enslaved, murdered, and killed by the spread of disease for no good reason
fear of and prejudice against homosexuality, also fear of being gay yourself
A female movement for gender equality. Gender EQUALITY is key, not want for women to have more power than men, but rather for two genders to have equal opportunities
the level of women's income relative to that of men, women earn on average 82/83 cents for every dollar a man makes in the United States, women are paid less on average than men leading to feminization of poverty and worldly phenomena where more women are impoverished than men
Circle of Social Action
awareness, analysis, action
the seeing and/or treating a person, usually a woman, as an object, not recognizing qualities in a person but rather viewing them as a means to satisfy sexual desire or pleasure
Federal Poverty Line
The annually specified level of income (separately calculated for individuals and families) below which people are considered to live in poverty, becoming eligible for certain federal benefits. In 2014, the poverty line was set at $23,850 for a family of four.
Mercy, acting in the way of God, God always had compassion, opposite of hatred, solidarity and respecting dignity of other human beings
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