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Just About Everything You Need to Know Flashcards (Reading - Literary Text)
Terms in this set (106)
A literary device used to introduce background information about events, settings, characters, or other elements of a work to the audience or readers.
An episode, plot point, or event that hooks the reader into the story. This particular moment is when an event thrusts the protagonist into the main action of the story.
Any struggle between opposing forces. There are two types of conflict: Internal and External.
A struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character in a literary or dramatic work.
Struggle between a literary or dramatic character and an outside force such as another character, a group of characters, or nature, which drives the dramatic action of the plot.
Man v. Man
A type of external conflict between two characters.
Man v. Society
A type of external conflict between the main character and a group of others or government.
Man v. Nature
A type of external conflict between the main character a forces of the natural world (ex. Wild Animals or Extreme Weather).
A series of relevant incidents that create suspense, interest, and tension in a narrative. In literary works, a rising action includes all decisions, characters' flaws, and background circumstances that together create turns and twists leading to a climax.
The highest or most intense point in the development or resolution of something - a decisive moment that is of maximum intensity or is a major turning point in a plot.
Wraps up the narrative, resolves its loose ends, and leads toward the closure.
The unfolding or solution of a complicated issue in a story. Also known as the "denouement."
The story line.
The time and place in the story.
Traits of a character or characters derived from speech, actions, or description of appearance.
Central message of a story or work.
The author's way of writing. Emphasis being not on WHAT is said but HOW it is said. Look at word choice, sentence length, tone, figurative language, and use of dialogue.
Point of View
The perspective from which the story is told. Examples: 1st Person, 2nd Person, or 3rd Person
Uses something (like an object) to represent something else (like a bigger message). "Symbol" refers to the object that has additional or significant meaning. The object, event, or idea represented may be concrete or abstract, visible or invisible. Example: The mockingbird in Harper Lee's "To Kill a Mockingbird" represents innocence.
Giving clues to suggest events that have yet to occur. Can be obvious or more subtle by using symbols or phrases that take on a larger role in the plot later in the story.
The atmosphere of a piece of writing. It is the feeling created within the reader by a work. Author's create reader responses through connotation, details, dialogue, imagery, figurative language, foreshadowing, setting, and rhythm.
The contrast between what is stated and what is meant. Meant to cause surprise within the reader. Multiple types: Situational, Verbal, and Dramatic. Techniques or irony include: hyperbole, understatement, and sarcasm.
Occurs when the audience or reader of a text knows something that the characters do not.
Example: The reader knows that a storm is coming, but the children playing on the playground do not.
Where actions or events have the opposite result from what is expected or what is intended.
Example: There are roaches infesting the office of a pest control service.
Where someone says the opposite of what they really mean or intend; sarcasm is a particularly biting form of verbal irony.
Example: Looking at her son's messy room, Mom says, "Wow, you could win an award for cleanliness!"
Writing that ridicules or criticizes individuals, ideas, or social conventions. Invokes feelings of amusement, contempt, indignation, or scorn. It differs from comedy in that comedy evokes laughter as an end in itself. Satire uses laughter as a weapon against a subject existing outside the work itself.
A comparison between two unlike things USING "like" or "as."
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. A comparison between two unlike things WITHOUT using "like" or "as."
A form of metaphor in which a non-human subject or object is given human traits. Example: "love is blind."
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
A guess based on clues.
Groups of two or more verse lines in a poem - stanzas are to poems as paragraphs are to novels. They can vary in length and often have metric form and a rhyme scheme.
The regular pattern of rhyming words at the ed of lines in a poem.
Descriptive or figurative language used to create word pictures for the reader. Can also appeal to the readers senses other than just sight.
A scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time. Presented in writing as memories, dreams, or simple narration.
The central hero figure in the story.
The central villain figure in the story.
A character who changes and grows throughout the story.
A character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end.
First Person Point of View
Narrating in the characters own voice. Uses the pronoun "I" in the narration of the story.
Second Person Point of View
Someone telling someone else what they are doing in the story. Uses the pronoun "you" in the narration of the story.
Third Person Point of View
The voice of someone outside of the story producing the narration using "she/he" pronouns. Can be limited, subjunctive multiple viewpoints, or omniscient points of view.
Rhyme that occurs within a line.
Rhyme that occurs at the end of lines.
The repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases which appear close to each other in a poem.
A rhetorical narrative in prose or verse in which the characters and often parts of the narrative itself represent moral and spiritual values or have other symbolic meaning. Example: "The Emperor's New Clothes" and "Animal Farm."
A similarity between like features of two things on which a comparison can be based.
A rhetorical device involving the repetition of a word or word at the beginning of two or more successive clauses. Often used in ballads and speeches. Example: The "I Have a Dream" speech by Martin Luther King, Jr.
The process of attributing human characteristics to something non-human. Example: animals given human traits or characteristics like in "The Tortoise and the Hare."
An abrupt statement of truth which may or may not be witty. Expose and condense part o the truth and offer an insight. Example: "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
A narrative design, character type, or image said to be identifiable in a wide variety o works of literature.
The suggestion of a meaning by a word apart from the thing it explicitly names or describes. The attitudes or feelings associated with a word. These associations can be negative or positive and have an influence on style and meaning.
The repetition of a final consonant sound in words with different vowels.
The literal or dictionary definition of a word.
A regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially a variety of speech differing from the standard literary language or speech pattern of the culture in which it exists. Example: Southern dialect in the English language.
The conversation between characters in a drama or narrative. It moves the action along in a work and helps to characterize the personality of the speakers.
An author's choice of words based on their correctness, clarity, or effectiveness.
A long narrative poem on a great and serious subject, often about the deeds of great hero or heroes.
An extended simile often running several lines, used typically in epic poetry to intensify/elaborate the subject and to serve as decoration.
A descriptive name or phrase used to characterize someone or something.
Example: The Boy Who Lived, The Dark Lord
A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
A literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact.
Language that communicates and enhances ideas by going beyond the ordinary or literal meaning of the words.
Figure of Speech
Specific literary devices used to create a special effect or feeling. Examples: Hyperbole, Metaphor, Simile, Understatement.
A character in a story or poem whose traits are in direct contrast to those of the principal character. Highlights the traits of the protagonist.
A category of literature or writing style.
A specific aspect of any style of writing that distinguishes it from another (headings, formatting, point of view, jargon, length, etc.).
An intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect. An overstatement.
A phrase commonly used in everyday language that doesn't make sense in another language. Examples: "Bless your heart." "Cat got your tongue?"
Implied or understood though not plainly expressed.
In medias res
Latin-English translation: "into the middle of things." Describes a common method of beginning a story in the middle of the action. Takes the reader back and forth in time.
A line of writing in a poem arranged in a metrical pattern.
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Example: "What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young." - George Bernard Shaw.
The phrasing of language in a way that balances ideas of equal importance. May apply to phrases, sentences, paragraphs, or longer passages.
Greek for "mask." The face or character that a speaker shows to his or her audience.
A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas).
Written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure.
A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Examples: Don't spell part backwards. It's a trap.
I'm reading a book about anti-gravity. It's impossible to put down.
What do you call the security outside of a Samsung Store? A: Guardians of the Galaxy.
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis.
An ordered recurrent alternation of strong and weak elements in the flow of sound and silence in speech.
The use of words to describe tastes, smells, textures, sounds, and images in order to provide a sensory experience for the reader.
Details of the time, place, and circumstance in a story.
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage.
An extended representation in monologue of a character's thought and feeling.
Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand.
Placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast which creates a new, often ironic, meaning.
An unverifiable or unreliable, and often idealized, narrative of a person or event usually passed down from history.
A concise statement, often offering advice; an adage.
Example: You are either part of the solution or part of the problem.
Techniques a writer uses to convey special meaning or enhance writing. Examples: Figures of Speech, Foreshadowing, Flashback
Stream of Consciousness
A style of writing that portrays the inner (often chaotic) workings of a character's mind.
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character reflected in the writing.
Examples: Serious, Humorous, Sarcastic, Playful, Objective, etc.
The character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall.
A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy.
A form of irony in which something is intentionally represented as less than it is.
A lesson taught by a literary work. A simple type of theme.
A recurring theme, subject or idea.
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
A collection of events that tells a story, which may be true or not, placed in a particular order and recounted through either telling or writing.
The person who tells the story.
An extended piece of prose fiction.
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
Examples: Pow, Clang, Vroom-vroom, Pop.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
Examples: Suddenly the room filled with a
The finer points of grammar
Literature that passes by word of mouth from one generation to the next.
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