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Terms in this set (51)
What the business class used to invest in mines, railroads, and factories
A place where workers and machines are brought together to produce goods
These were privately built roads that charged a fee to travelers who used them
The process of taking over and fencing off common land
A crop planted to restore nutrients in the soil
Which of the following is one result of the enclosure movement?
Farm Laborers lost their jobs
Which of the following caused the population boom of the 1700's in England?
Declining death rates
What natural resource gave Britain an advantage in the Industrial Revolution?
Iron and Coal
In what British industry did the Industrial Revolution first take hold?
What is the reason why Europeans wanted to find new trading routes to Asia?
They wanted to cut out the Muslim and Italian middlemen in order to increase profit from trade
Why was the astrolabe helpful to sailors?
It helped them determine their latitude
The most dramatic effect of the European exploration on the Native Americans was...
Why were Africans part of the "Triangle Trade" between Europe, Africa and the new world?
To provide slave labor
What food product was transported between the New World and Old World?
Tomatoes, potatoes, and sugar.
Mercantilism can be best described as an economic system...
That established colonies for its resources and trades.
One of the effects of the Industrial Revolution was the bad working conditions because the factory owners wanted all the profit.
the doctrine that an action is right insofar as it promotes happiness, and that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principle of conduct
A political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole
Socialism achieved by the moral persuasion of capitalists to surrender the means of production peacefully to the people
An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
A policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering "hands off".
Means of Production
The facilities and resources for producing goods.
The middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes. The Have Nots
The higher class of people (more wealth than the Bourgeoisie) The Have's
The Industrial Revolution brought rapid:
...smashed machines and burned factories to protest labor-saving machines.
...founded the Methodist church.
... was a new religious movement of the 1700's.
How did factory work differ from farm work?
Factory work was unvarying.
What was the main reason that employees preferred women workers to men?
Employers were able to pay women less than men.
What was one reason that parents accepted child labor?
They needed the additional money.
What response did protesters meet in the 1700's and 1800's?
How did the middle class view the poor during the Industrial Revolution?
They believed the poor were responsible for their own misery.
The development of industries in a country or region on a wide scale.
When the advancements of technology affected the methods of farming.
Pieces of cloth used to construct clothes and other cloth materials.
Money gained from selling goods.
What companies were selling.
Jethro Tull invented a new mechanical device to aid the farmers. Deposited seeds in rows.
To bring into one's country.
The political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis for the theory and practice of communism.
Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks
A machine that generates electricity
Steel making process in which carbon, silicon, and impurities are removed from molten iron.
Identical parts of a product that can be used between other products.
The theory that states that many diseases are caused by microorganisms.
Re-development of areas with a large city typically involving slums.
Standard of Living
The degree of wealth and material comfort.
Where Industrialization began:
Where Industrialization spread to first:
Belgium, Germany, France, and United States
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