23 terms

The Medici: God Fathers of the Renaissance - The Medici Popes

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Catherine de Medici
She was used as a pawn by the Florentine, traded for the safety of the city when they surrendered to the army of Giovanni and Guilio. She married the French Prince at the age of 14
Catherine de Medici
She refused Henry VIII's divorce, leading to England's establishing the first Protestant nation
Giovanni de Medici
Lorenzo's son who became the youngest cardinal in history; Medici money bought him
the papacy; he became Pope Leo X
Giovanni de Medici
Was run out of Florence and exiled for 9 years, returned with an army to invade
Florence, was later welcomed after becoming pope
Giovanni de Medici
Employed nepotism when he made Guilio cardinal of Florence
Giovanni de Medici
Wrote to his brother, "God has given us the papacy; let us enjoy it."
Giovanni de Medici
After the cardinals attempted his assassination, he created hundreds of jobs in the
Vatican and sold them to his friends--to make money and protect his position, much
like a mafia don
Giovanni de Medici
Excommunicated Martin Luther
Giovanni de Medici
Sold papal indulgences to pay off his debts
Guilio de Medici
Son of Guiliano who was adopted by Lorenzo
Guilio de Medici
Became Pope Clement VII after the longest conclave in history—it took him two years
to be elected
Guilio de Medici
Was pope when Germans sacked Rome under Holy Roman Emperor Charles V; his
poor negotiating skills were largely to blame for the attack.
Guilio de Medici
Completed what his cousin began: splitting the church & starting war in Europe.
Leonardo de Medici
Dissected corpses to learn human anatomy.
Martin Luther
Was excommunicated; started protestant revolution called The Reformation.
Martin Luther
In 1517 attached his 95 theses on the door of Wittenburg Cathedral
Michelangelo
Forced by Pope Julius to paint Sistine Chapel
Michelangelo
His statue of David became a symbol for Florence's hatred for Medici
Michelangelo
Forced by Pope Leo X to sculpt Medici tombs in Florence
Michelangelo
Forced by Pope Clement VII to create The Last Judgment over altar in Sistine Chapel
Niccolo Machaivelli
Hired by Florentine government to set up defenses for Florence against Giovanni and
Guilio de Medici; assembled a national militia
Niccolo Machaivelli
Wrote The Prince, a cynical book describing the realities of politics in his day; dedicated
it to the Medici in an attempt to get their patronage
Niccolo Machaivelli
Helped de Medici cousins get army to invade Florence after their exile