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80 terms

APUSH chapter 6-8

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During the Seven Years' War
British officials were disturbed by the lukewarm support of many colonials
The Proclamation of 1763
prohibited colonil settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
The disunity that existed in the colonies before the Seven Years' War can be attributed to
the enormous distances between the colonies, geographical barriers like rivers, conflicting religions and varied nationalitites
The French wanted to control Louisiana becuase they
would then control the mouth of the Mississippi
In the colonial wars before 1754, Americans
demonstrated an astonishing lack of unity
The War of Jenkins's Ear resulted in
the colony of Georgia fighting the Spanish to a standstill
The 1759 Battle of Quebec
ranks as one of the most significant victories in British and American history
The Indians suffered from their assoication with the French in New France in all of the following ways except
exclusion from the fur business ( suffered all these ways: decimation of their numbers by the white man's disease, violation of their religious beliefs, debauchery by the white man's alcohol, and weakening of their traditional beliefs)
The coureurs de bois
French fur trappers
When the Acadians left Canada, they went to
Lousiana
In a sense, the history of the United States began with the
founding of the first colony in 1607
As a result of the Seven Years' War, Great Britain
became the dominant power in North America
Unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the Seven Years' War
was fought initially on the North American continent
The primary thing that the Acadians and Quebecois believed that bound them together was their
French language
The British invasion of Canada in 1756 during the Seven Years' War
ended in defeat
As a result of General Braddock's defeat a few miles from Fort Duquesne
the frontier from Pensylvania to North Carolina was open to Indian attack
For the American colonies, the Seven YEars' War
ended the myth of British invicibility
The Jesuit priests, despite their initial failure in gaining converts, played a vital role because
of their exploration and work as geographers
The reason France needed to control the Ohio Valley was to
link its Canadian holdings with those of the lower Mississippi Valley
With the British and American victory in the Seven Years' War,
a new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared
France had to give up its vision of North American New France when
it was defeated by the British in 1713 and 1763
The soldier and explorer whose leadership earned him the titale "Father of New France" was
Samuel de Champlain
The long-range purpose of the ALbany Congress in 1754 was to
achieve colonial unity and common defese against the French threat
The one valuable resource in New France was
beavers
Benjamin Franklin's plan for colonial home rule was rejected by the individual colonies because
it did not seem to give enough independence to the colonies
In the wake of the Proclamation of 1763
american colonists moved west, defying the Proclamation
With the end of the Seven Years' War, the disunity, jealousy, and suspicion that had long existed in the American colonies
began to melt somewhat
Government in New France (Canada) was
almost completely autocratic
Unlike the English colonies in American, in New France
there were no popularly elected assemblies
The clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of
the Ohio River Valley
In a board sense, America was
a revolutionary force from the day of its discovery by Europeans
Match the following
Sugar Act - first British law intended to raise revenues in the colonies
Stamp Act: generated the most protest in the colonies
Declaratory Act: asserted Parliament's absolute power over the colonies
Passage of the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act
convinced many colonists that the British were trying to take away their historic liberty
Match the individuals
Samuel Adams: a pamphleteer who first organized committees to exchange ideas and information about resisting British policy
John Adams: a Massachusetts politician who opposed the moderats' solution to the imperial crisis at the First Continental Congress
Crispus Attucks: casualty of the Boston Massacre
The first law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenues in the colonies for the crown was the
Sugar Act
The first Navigation Laws were designed to
elimate Dutch shippers from the AMerican carrying trade
The British Parliament enacted currency legislation that was intended primarily to benefit
British merchants
The First COntinental COngress was called in order to
conisder ways of redressing colonial grievances
Change in colonial policy by the Britih government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved
compelling the American colonists tos houlder some of the financial costs of the empire
Colonists objected to the Stamp act because
Parliament passed the tax, not the colonists
Arrange the following events in chronological order
Boston Tea Party, Quebec Act, meeting of the First Continental Congress, the clash at Lexington and Concord
Many Whigs in Britain hoped for an American victory in the War for Independence because they
feared that it George III triumphed, his rule at home might become tyrannical
The Quebec Act was especially unpopular in the American colonies because it did all of the following except
deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs (did: turn an extensive amount of territory over to Catholic control, affect many colonies, not just Massachuseets, alarm land speculators, who saw a huge area snatched from their grasp, it set a dangerous precedent against jury trials)
The founding of the American colonies by the British was
undertaken in a haphazard manner
Colonial protest against the Stamp Act took the form of
convening a colonial congress to request repeal of the act, a colonial boycott against British goods, violence in several colonial towns, wearing homemade woolen clothes
Under the mercantilist system, the British governemnt reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies except
prevent the colonies from developing militias ( restrict the passage of lax bankruptcy laws, nullify any colonial legislation deemed bad for the mercantilist system, restrian the colonies from printing paper currency, enumerate products that must be shipped to Britain)
Unilike the ____ Act, the ___ Act and the ____ Act were both indirect taxes on trade goods arriving in American ports
Stamp, Sugar, Townshend
The British Crown's "royal veto" of colonial legislation
was used sparingly by the British Parliament
The local committees of correspondence organized by Samuel Adams
kept opposition of the British alive, through exchange of propaganda
As a result of Amerian opposition of the Townshend Acts
British officials sent regiments of troops to Boston to restore law and order
Republican belief held that the stability of Society and the authority of the government
depended on the virtue of its citizenry
As the War for Independence began, the colonies had the advantage of
many outstanding civil and military leaders
By the end of the War for Independence
a few thousand American regualr troops were finally whipped into shape
Mercantilists believed that
a country's economic wealth could be measured by the amount of gold and silver in its treasury
The tax on tea was retained when the Townshend Acts were repealed because
it kept alive the principle of parliamentrary taxation
Before 1763, the Navigation Laws
were only loosely enforced in the American colonies
Despite the benefits of the mercantile system, the American colonists disliked it because
it kept them in a state of perpetual economic adolescence
The most drastic measure of the Interolerable Acts was the
Boston Port Act
African Americans during the Revolutionary War
fought for both the Americans and the British
All of the following were weaknesses of the Brtish military during the War for Independece except
soldiers who were incapble of fighting effectively (following weaknesses: second-rate officiers, the need to keep many soldiers in Europe in case of trouble, the long supply lines, brutal treatment of their soldiers)
When the alliance with France was formalized, the Americans were able to
gain access to large sums of money, double the size of their fighting forces, avail themselves of French naval strength, gain immense amounts of equipment
In 1775, once fighting between the colonies and Great Britain began,
the colonists affirmed their loyalty to the King
The Battle of Saratoga was a key victory for the Americans becuase it
brought the colonists much needed aid and a formal alliance with France
French aid to the colonies
greatly aided America's struggle for independence, was motivated by what the French considered their own national interests, forced the British to change their military strategy
Thomas Paine argued that all government officials
should derive their authority from popular consent
The Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the first treaty between the United States and an Indian nation, resulted in
the ceding of most of the Iroquois' land
In late 1776 and early 1777, George Washington helped restore confidence in America's military by
defeating the Hessians at Trenton and the British at Princeton
Many Americans remained loyalists during the Revolution for all of the following reasons except
they believed the British would preserve religious toleration ( they were loyal because of fear of retribution, they believed a Patriot victory would lead to anarch, some were promised freedom, they believed in British military superiority)
When the Second Continental Congress met in 1775
there was no well-defined sentiment for independence
The basic strategy of the British in 1777 was to try to
isolate New England
Match the following British general with the his battle
William Howe: Long Island
John Burgoyne: Saratoga
Charles Cornwallis: Yorktown
The Armed Neutrality League was started by
Catherine the Great of Russia
The basic principles in the Model Treaty
Were self-denying restrictions to the Americnas
The colonial army eventually lost the battle of Bunker because its troops were
short of gunpowder
Like many revolutions, the American Revolution was
a miniority movement
Arrange the following in chronological order
fighting at Lexington and Concord, convening of the Second Continental Congress, the publication of Common Sense, the adoption of the Declaration of Independence
In a republic, power
comes from the people themselves
The Patriot militia played a crucial role in the Revolution in all of the following ways except
raising funds to support the war effort
France cam to America's aid in the Revolution because
it wanted revenge against the British
Which individual privately advocated equality for women
Abigail Adams