Terms in this set (20)
Music that has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial program
Antecedent and Consequent
Melodies interpreted in musical unites known as phrases. Comparable to a musical sentence, with a period or comma at the end.
Alberti bass accompaniment
Accompaniment pattern based on broken chords and usually using 1, 3, 5, or sometimes 7 of the chord.
An embellishment or flourish, prepared or improvised, for a solo voice or instrument.
Repetition of a melody or melodic fragment other voices; may include variation from the original statement; often homophonic in texture as the repetition does not occur simultaneously.
Change of key marked by accidentals or a change in key signature.
Musical introduction at the beginning of an opera or oratorio that has elements of the melodies present during the opera.
A note, usually in the bass, sustained or continually repeated for a period of time while the harmonies change around it. Often heard on the tonic or the dominant.
Vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech
Quickly ascending rhythmic melody used in Classical-era instrumental music; the technique is credited to composers in Mannheim, Germany.
Compositional form usually employed in the baroque concerto grosso, in which the tutti plays a ritornello, or refrain, alternating with one or more soloists playing new material.
Immediate repetition of a melody at a higher or lower pitch. The intervals in a sequence remain the same.
Concerto in which an orchestra and a single performer in turn present and develop the musical material in the spirit of harmonious competition. Always a multimovement composition with three or four movements in total.
Sonata-allegro form with a double exposition, tonic key. Long and dramatic.
Slow and lyrical piece. In theme and variations, or a modified sonata-allegro (or ABA), related key.
Optional. Dancelike in triple meter, tonic key. Minuet and trio form (or, scherzo and trio form if Beethoven). ABA.
Fast and lively, often in rondo or sonata-allegro form, tonic key. Earlier Classical 4th movements usually are in ABACA rondo form. Later rondos were lengthened or merged elements of sonata-allegro into ABACABA (sonata-rondo) form.
Has three main sections: exposition, development, and recapitulation
Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble. During the Classical era, it is primarily a piano solo or solo for a single instrument alongside a piano. Beethoven's piano pieces of this are central to the piano.
Chamber music ensemble consisting of two violins, viola, and cello.