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27 terms

medeval times

STUDY
PLAY
Charlemagne
Charles the Great, 46 year reign, fought Muslims in Spain, Saxons, etc. Became emperor of the Romans.
feudalism
a loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
vassals
lesser lords
feudal contracts
the exchange of pledges between lords and vassals to establish a relationship
fief
an estate
knight
mounted warrior
tournament
mock battles
chivalry
the knights' code of conduct
Troubadours
wandering poets
manor
lord's estate
serfs
peasants
Clovis
King of the Franks, conquered Gaul, preserved much of Roman legacy; converted to Christianity
Islam
a religion, started in Arabia in 632 AD, Muslims are the believers or followers, created new civilization
Alcuin
respected scholar of York, created a curriculum of Latin learning, became education model
Treaty of Verdun
Made by Charlemagne's grandsons, split empire into three (3) nations
Vikings
Destroyed last part of Empire, were great traders and voyagers.
Medieval
Latin for middle age
frontier
a sparsely populated, undeveloped area on the outskirts of a civilization
Missi Dominici
the officials who would check on roads, listen & take care of justice
curriculum
formal course of study
1. Monarchy, 2. Nobles, 3. Vassals, 4. Knights, 5. serfs
"pyramid hierarchy" picture of triangle
knighthood
orignially any man could be a knight / price of armour high, only nobles could afford / wore armour / horse killed knight is defenseless / loyal to church, fair to all, protected women & helpless / a "fallen knight" is one who broke chivalry rules
becoming a knight
PAGE (7) lessons, exercises, wentto battles to watch / SQUIRE (14) training hard 3-days without food, 1-day without water, 24-hours without sleep, battles = fighting / KNIGHT (21) bathed, large party
Heraldry & Coat of Arms
Made by Heralds, for nobles, vassals
500 AD - 1500 AD
Middle Ages
Barbarians
Rome's name for the waves of invaders, intruders
Dark Ages
early era of Middle Ages