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End-of-Year Quizlet Live - People and Deities
Terms in this set (82)
The prophet of Islam, who received the word of God/Allah from an angel while he was meditating
The first one of the four caliphs (known as the "Rightly Guided Caliphs")
Muslim mapmaker, who created a remarkably accurate map of the world that was known at the time
The Persian doctor who wrote a medical text book that was used in European and Islamic medical schools for hundreds of years (European name/Persian name)
Sundiata Keita (KY-tuh)
A great warrior-king (the "Lion Prince") who overthrew his ruthless half-brother Sumanguru and then conquered the lands from the Atlantic coast to the trading city of Timbuktu
The wealthiest person who ever lived, ruler of the Empire of Mali, who made a hajj to Mecca, with 100 camels loaded with gold
One of the legendary twins who founded Rome and killed his brother
One of the legendary twins who founded Rome and was killed by his brother
An early Roman dictator who was a role model for George Washington.
The Carthaginian general who invaded Italy and never lost a battle on Italian soil.
The Roman general who finally defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
wanted the Romans take back public lands from the rich and distribute them among the landless Romans.
A Roman military leader who recruited soldiers from the poor, and paid them wages and promised them land
The first Roman general to drive his enemies out of Rome and made himself dictator.
The wealthiest man in Rome, who was famous in Rome for crushing a slave revolt led by the gladiator Spartacus.
Roman general who was a member of the First Triumvirate, but was later defeated in a civil war against Julius Caesar.
Member of the First Triumvirate who conquered Gaul, defeated Pompey in a civil war, and became dictator for life
Egyptian pharaoh; last of the Ptolemy Dynasty; married Julius Caesar and after his death married Mark Antony.
Brutus and Cassius
Opposed Julius Caesar and ultimately assassinated him
China's first female general
Warlord of Qin state who became "First Qin Emperor" of China
A peasant who became a military leader and defeated his rivals to become emperor of China. He established the Han Dynasty
The emperor under whom the Han Dynasty reached its peak
A general explored areas west of China and returned to describe his visit to the Roman Empire
Chinese name for Confucius
Founder of Daoism
Founder of Legalism
The main god of Hinduism—a universal force
The creator of the universe in Hinduism
The preserver of the universe in Hinduism
The destroyer of the universe in Hinduism
The elephant-headed god of learning, good fortune, and success, as well as the remover of obstacles in Hinduism
Original name of the founder of Buddhism
Philip II of Macedon
King of Macedon, who believed it was his destiny to unite the Greeks and conquer Persia. Father of Alexander.
Alexander's mother, who taught him that he was the son of Zeus, a demi-god
Alexander's tutor, who taught him to respect other cultures and trained him to be a philosopher-king
Alexander of Macedon
Son of Philip of Macedon, who became king when his father was assassinated. Carried out his father's goal of conquering the Persian Empire (and more)
The Persian king who tried unsuccessfully to defend his empire against Alexander's attack.
A city founded by Alexander at the mouth of the Nile River in Egypt, with an excellent harbor, which later became the commercial and intellectual center of the Hellenistic world.
Alexander's general, who became ruler of Egypt after the division of Alexander's empire.
"Father of Athenian Democracy"
Cyrus the Great
Persian ruler who united the Persians into a powerful kingdom. He issued the first known declaration of human rights.
Prophet who founded the Persian religion that taught that humans had the freedom to choose between good and evil, and that good would triumph in the end.
Greek writer known as the "Father of History." He wrote the history of the Persian Wars—called The Histories
The Athenian general who used the "weak center plan" to defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
Son of Darius. Launched second attack on Greece (2nd Persian War); defeated the Greeks and the Battle of Thermopylae, but was defeated at the Battle of Salamis.
("Lion Man") Spartan king who led the army of the Greek League and led the Greek forces in the Battle of Thermopylae
Athenian leader who convinced the Athenians to build a navy and then led the Athenians in the Battle of Salamis.
Female commander in the Persian navy who advised Xerxes not to send his ships into the Strait of Salamis, but he ignored her advice.
Athenian general who was the leading figure in Athenian politics for more than 30 years between the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War.
King of Upper Egypt who conquered Lower Egypt; Combined the two crowns to make the Double Crown
Pharaoh whose tomb was the Step Pyramid of Saqqara
Architect of the Step Pyramid of Saqqara
Pharaoh whose tomb is the largest Pyramid of Giza: The Great Pyramid
Deciphered the Rosetta Stone
the sun god (falcon, often shown with the circle of the sun on his head)
the first pharaoh and god of afterlife (human, with green skin)
the wife of Osiris (human, shown with stair steps on her head - the hieroglyphic of her name)
the son of Isis and Osiris; ancient Egyptians believed that he inhabited the body of the pharaoh (falcon, or falcon head)
the evil brother of Osiris (undetermined animal with flat-topped ears)
sister of Isis, wife of Seth (shown with the hieroglyphic of her name on her head)
god of wisdom (with Ibis head)
god of embalming (jackal head)
truth, justice; also the goddess of truth and justice
the creature combined of a crocodile, a lion, and hippopotamus that would devour a person throughout eternity if the heart was heavier than the Feather of Ma'a
The last pharaoh of Old Kingdom; a very weak ruler, who lived to be over 90 years old.
The new main god of Egypt created when the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom combined the patron god of Thebes with the main god of Egypt
Wife of Thutmose II, who ruled in the name of her young stepson, Thutmose III, after the death of Thutmose II. When Thutmose III was an adult, she refused to give him power.
Stepson of Hatshepsut, defeated the armies of Hatshepsut in civil war; created an Egyptian Empire by conquering Syria and Palestine
(Amenhotep IV) He changed the religion of Egypt; he adopted the worship of one god: Aton, the sun disk.
The god worshipped by Akhenaton; the sun god, shown as a sun disk (not anthropomorphic)
The wife of Akhenaton; famous for the beautiful bust of her
The pharaoh who is most famous for his tomb, which was discovered intact
Excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen
Ramses II (the Great)
Reconquered Syria and Palestine; fought the Battle of Kadesh against the Hittites; signed the first peace treaty in history; built temples, such as Abu Simbel
Legendary Sumerian king of Uruk, the hero of the most famous Sumerian epic.
Legendary wild man tamed by Gilgamesh who accompanied him in his adventures.
Deciphered cuneiform on Behistun Rock , using the Old Persian as the key to figuring out the cuneiform
Persian king who had the inscription carved on Behistun Rock; also the Persian king who fought the Greeks in the First Persian War
Akkadian king who conquered all of Mesopotamia and created the Akkadian Empire, the first empire in history
Archaeologist who excavated the Royal Tombs of Ur
Most famous Assyrian king
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