29 terms

New Republic

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Articles of Confederation
What was the constitution (government) written during the Revolution?
1. weak central government
2. each state had one vote
3. no common currency
4. no power to tax or regulate commerce
5. no executive or judicial branches
What were the five weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
federal system
What is it called when the national government and the state governments share power?
Philadelphia
Where was the Constitutional Convention held?
George Washington
Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention?
1. How much power should the national government have?
2. How should large and small states be represented?
What were two debates at the Constitutional Convention?
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
What are the three branches of government?
Legislative Branch
Which branch makes the laws and is also called Congress?
Executive Branch
Which branch carries out the laws?
Judicial Branch
Which branch interprets the laws to decide if they go along with the Constitution?
Great Compromise
What event at the Convention decided how many votes each state would have in Congress?
9
How many states had to ratify the Constitution?
Virginia Declaration of Rights and Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Which two documents form the basis for the Bill of Rights?
Virginia Declaration of Rights
What document was written by George Mason and influenced the Bill of Rights?
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
What document was written by Thomas Jefferson and influenced the Bill of Rights?
Senate
Which part of Congress has 2 representatives per state?
House of Representatives
Which part of Congress has a different number of representatives per state, depending on population?
George Washington
Who was president when the federal court system was established, the Bill of Rights were added, and plans were made for Washington, D.C.?
Bill of Rights
What do we call the first 10 amendments that provide a written guarantee of individual rights, like the freedom of speech and religion?
Benjamin Banneker
Who was an African American astronomer and surveyor who helped complete the design for Washington, D.C.?
John Adams
Who was president when the two-party system emerged?
Thomas Jefferson
Which president bought Louisiana from France and sent Lewis and Clark to explore west of the Mississippi?
James Madison
Who was president during the War of 1812?
War of 1812
What event caused European nations to gain respect for the United States?
James Monroe
Which president introduced the Monroe Doctrine?
Monroe Doctrine
What warned European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere?
Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe
Name the first five presidents in order.
Congress
Which branch contains the Senate and the House of Representatives?
John Adams
Which of the first five presidents is not from Virginia?