NR I - EOC Review (FROM OLD EVNR I)
Terms in this set (277)
- plant eaters
- meat eaters
- insect eaters
- fruit eaters
- eat many food types
- seed eaters
- consumes great varieties of food
- eats a specialized diet
- A place for protection from weather & predators
- Most animals bodies are 60-80% ___
___ range - the area over which game travels
- the area an animal will defend, often to the death
- an animal that lives in water and depends on it for food and reproduction
Most ___ water species cannot survive in water above 68°F.
- can live on land and in the water
Water ___- lives largely in or near water Examples include beaver and otter.
Water ___- a bird that swims or wades in water and lives in or near water
fowl - swimming birds that live in water habitats, such as ducks and geese
___ bird - a bird that stands in water searching for its food Examples include cranes and herons.
Water ___- typically spend their lives in water, but do occasionally leave the water for food or reproduction
- animal that lives on the land
- land that has trees and may have shrubs, vines, mosses, and fallen limbs from trees
- variety of plants that include shrubs, scrub trees, vines and dead plant material
- location where two habitats meet
___Management - Not using woodland for grazing will increase game population.
___ Control - Involves controlling the predators of the game, rather than the game itself.
___ density - refers to the number of game animals in a defined area
___ capacity - the amount of game for which a given area will provide the essentials for life.
____ Act of 1900 - the first major law affecting wildlife; made it a federal offense to transport illegally taken wildlife across state boundaries.
___ Bird Act of 1929 - provided refuges for migratory birds.
___ Species Act of 1966 - gave the authority of protecting rare and endangered species to the Fish and Wildlife Service.
a species that no longer exists outside of museums or photos
a species that is no longer common and is in danger of becoming extinct
a species that faces serious dangers and is likely to become endangered
a species that exists in small numbers
___ Extinction the gradual changes in a species or its environment that lead to extinction.
the natural change of an organism into another species.
___ selection occurs when some species or members of a species survive and others do not.
___ wildlife endangerment any action against wildlife that endangers it.
___ Endangerment the unintentional destruction of wildlife habitat or environmental hazards
___ Bird Treaty Act (1918) placed all migratory birds under the protection of the federal government.
___ and Wildlife Coordination Act (1934) provided for research to study the needs of wildlife.
___ Species Act (1973) provided for the classification of endangered and threatened wildlife.
___ Reserve Program (1985) provided for areas of wildlife habitat on farms near cropland.
___ Eagle Bird whose habitat is Near Water
___ Quail Bird whose habitat is A mix of forest and open land (sometimes called an Edge)
___ Thrush Bird whose habitat is Forest/Woodland
___ Crow Bird whose habitat is Open Fields
___ Squirrel Mammals whose habitat is Hardwood/Pine Forests
___ Bear Mammals whose habitat is Swamp land
Mammals whose habitat is In/Near Water
Mammals whose habitat is Anywhere
___ Fox Mammals whose habitat is Farms/Pastures
Birds Sensitive to Pesticide Use
___ Dove A bird that eats weed seeds is the
___ Quail A bird that benefits from cultivation of crops is the
___ Hawk -A bird that is a predator of rodents is the
___ squirrel Buildings are damaged by the.
build dams and cause flooding, creating habitats for ducks
is the worst disease carriers
Rare to see
Lake management techniques such as draining and poisoning, are methods PRIMARILY used in:
Shallow with rooted vegetation.
The littoral zone in a lake is BEST described as:
When a lake or pond is used for fish production, it is especially important to consider:
The best MINIMUM depth for an embankment pond is:
The pond management factor that BEST describes the area that drains into a pond is:
The water conditions of 68° F or greater, adequate oxygen and a pH of 6.5 to 9.0 are BEST for:
Which fish species is characterized by a pan shaped body with black blotches at the base of the dorsal fins?
Which species of fish prefer cool, clear streams with gravel bottoms and have a broad pink band along its sides?
Which fish is native to North Carolina and is also called papermouth, calico bass, silver-green, black blotched speckled perch, and speckled perch?
A species of fish native to the pollution free, higher elevation streams and brooks of Western North Carolina is the:
Large mouth bass
Which freshwater game fish is so popular that the industry has created specialized gear for catching them?
What characteristic of ocean water averages 3.5%?
Because of the high level of dissolved oxygen found in the waters of estuaries, what else is normally found there?
When compared to other bodies of water, the nutrient content of estuary water is:
The concentration of sodium, chlorine, magnesium and potassium in the water is called:
Because of the conditions and location of estuaries, what percent of the marine fish harvested by American fisheries either comes from or passes through the estuarine ecosystem?
When the amount of dissolved oxygen in the waters of an estuary is compared to the oxygen level in other waters, the amount is:
200 miles from the shore.
In terms of miles, sovereign rights over the continental shelf by coastal states can best be described as being:
. Which description BEST represents the change in aquaculture production from 1988 to 1998?
Exclusive Economic Zone
. What is the BEST name for the 200 nautical mile zone where coastal states have sovereign rights?
Nature area tour guide.
. A student who enjoys explaining scenery to tourists and working with people will do well working as a/an:
. A person that studies fish and develops ways of raising them in captivity or in their natural habitat is a/an:
Prepares maps about the environment.
. A cartographer is someone who:
Forestry and horticulture.
. A person employed as an environmental horticulturalist works in the career area of:
Agricultural education teacher.
. A person who prepares students for careers in the natural sciences and the agriculture industry is a/an:
. Someone who studies weather and climate information is a:
Weather and climate.
. The environmental area that employs people to provide information about rainfall, temperature, and planting tips is
BEST described as
Weather and climate.
. The people who provide information about rainfall, temperature and planting times work in the environmental career
area BEST known as
Wastewater management and treatment.
. The management of wastewater collection and treatment facilities is MOSTLY associated with:
Weather and climate.
. Preparing forecasts and studying weather trends BEST describes careers in:
Mineral and fossil fuel extraction.
. The coal and gas needed to fuel power plants and homes comes from the environmental career area BEST known as:
Educates society to appreciate resources
. What would be considered the MOST important value of the natural resources industry?
. Which type of Supervised Agricultural Experience uses a "Project Log" to describe project activities?
. In which Supervised Agricultural Experience does a student make entries in the SAE record under the heading of
"Type of Enterprise" and "Efficiency Factors"?
. Shannon has a placement-type Supervised Agricultural Experience program. In her SAE Record, she will have an entry for:
. Jose visited a state park to learn about careers. In which section of the SAE Record will he enter the activity?
. Brittany has an experimental type of Supervised Agricultural Experience. Under which heading in the SAE Record should she enter her prediction concerning her experiment?
. Which type of Supervised Agricultural Experience will have an entry under the "Review of Literature" heading?
. Joey spent two hours on Saturday pruning a fruit tree although his Supervised Agricultural Experience program involves working as a forest technician. In which section of the SAE Record will he enter the fruit tree pruning
. Equity is the same as:
. Debts that a business owe are:
. An itemized list of things owned by a logging business is the:
Total assets minus total liabilities.
. Net worth is:
. Something of real or tangible value that a person or a business owns is:
. Inventory is a list of:
. Joe's Recycling has $150,000 total assets and $100,000 total liabilities. What amount should be entered on the net worth line of the net worth statement?
Jerry has $200,000.00 total assets and $100,000.00 total liabilities. What amount should be entered on the net worth line of the net worth statement?
. Sarah Smith's tree farm has total assets of $400,000 and total liabilities of $300,000. What amount should she enter on the net worth line on the net worth statement?
The MAIN type of erosion that happens on sandy soils is:
When rill erosion is not controlled, the MAIN result is:
On sloping, water saturated soils.
Land slippage is best described as soil erosion that occurs:
When topsoil is removed at an excessive rate, usually caused by humans, it is BEST called:
When small channels form on sloping land where running water from precipitation
has washed soil away, it is BEST called
Of all the types of erosion, which form is the MAJOR cause of soil loss in North America?
The use of rip-rap, fabrics, straw, vegetation or concrete on a creek or roadside bank to prevent erosion is called:
Not planting the same crop in the same place year after year is know as:
What is it called when rows of trees are planted to prevent soil erosion on level, sandy land?
The planting of vegetation on excavated soil to hold it in place is a land treatment called:
Planting across the slope of a hill.
Planting on the contour is a soil conservation method described as:
Planting different crops in alternate sections on sloping land is called:
If a soil was found to be 80% sand, 10% clay and 10% silt, the soil would have:
While evaluating soil structure, Kevin discovered that each soil particle stood alone and did not clump together. He determined the structure to be:
Wet soil and/or quartz parent material.
While observing a specimen of soil, a student noticed that it had a grayish color. After some research, she found that the gray color could have been caused by:
Roy was discussing soils with his instructor and was told that granular, platy and blocky are terms sometimes used to describe soil characteristics. Which soil property was the instructor describing?
Fred's family owns steep forestland in the mountains and a home on the beach. To his surprise, he learned that the land classification for both locations was:
Phil used his thumb and extended forefinger to apply pressure to a clump of soil. It offered no resistance to crumbling. He determined that the consistence was:
Infiltration and percolation.
When learning about soils, Jeannie was told that permeability is determined by:
The top six inches were alike in characteristics.
While evaluating soil erosion, Juan determined the erosion class to be "none to slight" because:
Practically all crops could be grown
Which statement would be true if a soil was analyzed and found to be 40% sand, 40% silt and 20% clay?
Shania found that a soil sample felt gritty and would not form a soil ribbon. She determined the texture to be:
In naming a soil.
In addition to determining the uses of soil and the cultural practices needed, soil texture is also used:
Perform a nutrient analysis or soil test.
When Nick was trying to determine how much fertilizer to use on his fields, he asked the County Agriculture Agent and was told that he should:
The proportion of sand, silt and clay in the soil.
generally, these cannot be "leafed out" between the fingers, but, if it can be done, the resulting ribbon will be less than ¼" in length.
have a smooth, floury, feel
the arrangement of soil particles in shapes and pieces
each individual soil particle stands alone
aggregates are rounded in form; very desirable
particles cling together to form an angular shaped soil ped
found where soil has periodically flooded; forms plates or sheets
has no structure; caused by mismanagement (wet tillage)
The ease of working with soil; the resistance a moist volume of soil offers to rupture
soil offers no resistance to crushing; associated with sandy textures that have single grain structure
soil crumbles with slight pressure; associated with loamy textures, but some clay textures are friable also
soil crumbles only when moderate pressure is exerted with the extended forefinger and thumb
by wind and water lowers the agricultural productivity of soils.
the movement of water in the soil
Varies with thickness of horizons.
in soil is a subsurface zone that seriously restricts root and water movement through it.
is expressed in percentage, which simply shows the difference in elevation in feet over the horizontal distance in feet between the two points. For example, a 4% slope means that the land surface is going up or down at the rate of four feet for every 100 feet of distance.
is important in soils because of its effect on the development of the soil itself and upon its use and management.
Land Capability Classes
A system for classifying land based on its highest potential use. Based on soil, slope and flooding potential.
The acidity or alkalinity of the soil ; Determines availability of nutrients
is testing the soil to learn the kind and amount of selected nutrients that are present.
sand, silt and clay
Soil minerals are made up of what three different sized materials
The ___ of soil particles and the proportion of each in a soil affect the soils ability to hold water and provide nutrients.
largest particle, soils with high sand content drain too quickly, dry out and have low fertility due to the inability of the soil to hold nutrients.
medium particle, often found by streams, has "doughy" or "powdery" feel; higher nutrient holding ability.
smallest particle; gives soil a "sticky" feel; able to mold or ribbon soils with high clay content.
The science of soils.
Made of decaying and decayed plant and animals
Well- decomposed organic matter.
the mass of mineral and organic matter from which soil is formed
the precipitation, temperature, and wind that break large pieces of rock into smaller pieces; also, a factor in moving soil particles
the process of precipitation, temperature, wind, and other climate factors in forming soil.
Soil forms in layers or___.
All the layers together form a soil ___; A vertical cross section of soil at a specific site.
The soil profile has ___ layers or horizons.
top layer of organic matter that is not yet soil.
called topsoil, greater concentration of organic matter.
called subsoil, has little organic matter and more minerals than A.
parent material layer.
also called bedrock; forms the C horizon.
. An evergreen tree with shiny green leaves and red berries is the:
. The largest conifer of eastern North America with needles growing in clumps of five is the:
. A hardwood tree with leaves that are five to nine inches long with seven to nine rounded deep lobes is the:
. A large, valuable forest tree with star-shaped leaves and also known as a red gum is the:
. A deciduous conifer growing in swamps that are flooded for a long time is:
Southern red oak
. Which hardwood tree can have leaves with irregularly shaped lobes and pointed tips or can have pear-shaped leaves with three rounded lobes at the outer end?
12" in diameter at 4 ½' above the ground
. A tree that is 12" in diameter (dbh) is considered to be:
. How many 16' merchantable logs are in a 56' tree?
. How many 16 foot logs would be in a tree with a merchantable height of 64 feet?
. Measuring a tree with a forestry tool 66' from the tree and 25" from the eye indicates that the forester is using a:
1. What symbol in the FFA Emblem represents knowledge and wisdom?
Order of business.
2. An agenda forms the framework of a good meeting and is also known as the:
3. Business that was started but not completed in the last meeting is referred to as:
4. Lucas moved to amend the motion to have refreshments after all meetings by substituting once per quarter in the place of after all meetings. The amendment must pass by a:
5. The FFA Creed has five paragraphs that begin with the words I believe and was written by:
6. Which symbol in the FFA emblem represents labor and tillage of the soil?
Practicing the speech before a mirror to observe posture, gestures, and facial expressions.
7. Before presenting a prepared speech to an audience, the BEST way a speaker can improve the presentation is by:
I move we have a cookout.
8. Aaron wants to make a motion to have a cookout. What is the MOST acceptable way for him to state the motion?
Help members understand the importance of the organization.
9. The FFA Creed was written and adopted in 1928 to:
10. A main motion is made to have refreshments after all meetings. It must pass by a:
National blue and Corn gold.
11. The official colors of the National FFA Organization are:
Confidence and ease before the audience.
12. Stage presence is important for a good speech because it shows the speaker's:
Reading of the minutes
13. What item on the agenda reminds members of what happened at the last meeting?
14. Ginger wants to obtain the floor. In order to be recognized, she should address the presiding officer by saying:
Call to order.
15. The President is responsible on every agenda for the:
Treasurer's Report as well as other officer
16. What item of business should occur immediately after the reading of the minutes, and before the group begins unfinished business?
17. The symbol that signifies that the FFA is a national organization is the:
The group will no longer conduct official business in this meeting.
18. Adjournment means that:
19. Jackie moves to amend the motion to have the banquet at the school cafeteria. What is she MOST likely trying to do to the motion?
Develops the team's confidence and skill in conducting business meetings
20. What is the MOST likely result when the chapter FFA Officer team presents a parliamentary procedure demonstration to the local Lions club?
21. Harry is unsure if the motion is in order. The parliamentarian instructs him that the maximum number of main motions that can be on the floor at any one time is:
22. The presiding officer is regarded as the traffic controller in a business meeting, and calls on members who want to speak as they ask to be:
23. Kim was excited about learning leadership skills through FFA participation, but she was really surprised that the FFA also taught members the value of:
Third National FFA Convention.
24. The FFA Creed was adopted by members of the:
25. New FFA members are required to learn the FFA Creed to achieve the first degree of membership, the:
27. What symbol on the FFA emblem represents the progressive nature of agriscience, and the need for workers in agriscience to cooperate and work toward common goals?
28. Hope makes a motion to have a dance. However, before discussion from the floor can occur on the motion, it must be:
Learning to do.
29. The first line of the FFA motto is:
Keeping records of the meetings.
30. The secretary is the officer MOST responsible for:
Adding, striking out, or substituting.
31. Jim wants to amend a motion to go to the county fair. The three common ways he can amend the motion is by:
Represents the beliefs and values that the FFA stands for and members need to know.
32. Freshmen members are asked to learn the FFA
FFA makes a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth, and career success through agricultural education
Learning to do, doing to learn, earning to live, living to serve
Three Circle Model of Agricultural Education
Classroom Instruction, Supervised Agricultural Experience, FFA
Supervised agricultural experience; a project that is completed at home
Large student organization that believes in the future of agriculture
Experiential learning through hand's on activities
The Pledge of Allegiance
National Blue and Corn Gold
Official FFA colors
The FFA Emblem
The national FFA emblem, consisting of five symbols, is representative of the history, goals and future of the organization. As a whole, the emblem covers the broad spectrum of FFA and agriculture. Each element within the emblem has unique significance.
The Cross Section of the Ear of Corn
The cross section of the ear of corn provides the foundation of the emblem, just as corn has historically served as the foundation crop of American agriculture. It is also a symbol of unity, as corn is grown in every state of the nation.
The Rising Sun
The rising sun signifies progress and holds a promise that tomorrows will bring a new day glowing with opportunity.
The plow signifies labor and tillage of the soil, the backbone of agriculture and the historic foundation of our country's strength.
The eagle is a national symbol which serves as a reminder of our freedom and ability to explore new horizons for the future of agriculture.
The owl, long recognized for its wisdom, symbolizes the knowledge required to be successful in the industry of agriculture.
this type of SAE makes you a business owner
experiencing the "big picture" of agriculture and its many related careers
an SAE where you conduct research using the scientific process
a specific skill learned outside of normal class time that contributes to the agriculture skills and knowledge obtained by the student
in this SAE you work for someone, either for pay or for the experience
a series of learning activities that improve the efficiency, value, use or appearance of the place of employment, home, school or community
Supervised Agricutural Experience
Working in a florist shop
Owning a Christmas tree farm
Comparing the effect of hormones on plant growth
Shadowing a veterinarian on career day
Killing weak animals.
Predator animals can be useful to wildlife management by:
The amount of essentials of life for game that is provided by a given land area is:
In which habitat do wading birds belong?
Fence row plantings.
Two common methods for habitat development are woodland management and:
One way a farmer can help improve game management is to stop:
The control of animals that feed on game animals is called:
Water is important to wildlife because the bodies of game animals are:
On land and in the water.
Animals that are in the amphibious habitat can live:
The basic requirements of food, cover, water, territory, and home range are collectively called:
Wildlife Resource Commission
Which agency is PRIMARILY responsible for providing assistance to landowners in regard to monitoring the habitat of bog turtles and salamanders?
The MOST appropriate name for conservation programs that determine the current wildlife situation is:
Partners in Flight.
A program in North Carolina designed to educate people about migratory birds, train people to monitor birds, and better appreciate birds is BEST known as:
Killing animals faster than they multiply.
The extinction or endangerment of animals has been the result of:
Almost two million dollars
Most recently, what is the MOST accurate amount of grant money given to North Carolina to do wildlife conservation projects?
They appeared hostile.
The survival of animals, such as bears and wildcats, was once threatened because:
Edge of woods
Jennie was outside enjoying nature. She was specifically looking to identify bird species that live near her home. During her time outside, Jeannie observed a Red-tail Hawk, Bobwhite Quail, Eastern Bluebird and a Mourning Dove. What habitat was Jeannie near?
Mink and beaver
A group of interested students decided to make a list of the animals that would be LEAST likely to be seen on a series of nature hikes in the state forest. Which group of animals would most likely be on the list?
Near a body of water.
If a student observing birds notices a Canada Goose, Mallard Duck, Osprey, and a Bald Eagle, chances are the habitat is:
During a hike with his friends, Doug saw a beaver and a muskrat. Which habitat was he MOST likely near?
Canada goose, osprey and duck
If an environmental education class were to visit a marshy area near the coast, what species of birds would they most likely see?
Jack was bird watching in an open field. The bird species most likely to be seen would be:
If a student observes a gray squirrel, bobcat, and black bear, he/she is MOST likely in a/an:
Which type of animal habitat are you most likely to find a Red fox, a Cottontail rabbit, and a Woodchuck?
Turkey vulture, Hummingbird, and Wood thrush.
Trent and Ben decided to do a class project to identify species of birds in the dense woods near their home. During their time in the woods, they found:
Bobcat and Virginia opossum.
The animals that someone is LEAST likely to see out in the wild are:
Osprey and Eastern bluebird.
Two bird species that are sensitive to environmental problems such as pesticide use and pollution are:
The animal that is MOST likely to cause overall damage to agriculture by eating both field and nursery crops is the:
The animal MOST likely to cause damage to the dams and dikes of an aquaculture operation is the:
Virginia opossum and skunk
Which two animals are MOST likely to include a farmer's small animals in their diet?
Which species of birds, in addition to being a game bird, also is know for eating weed seeds from fields?
Which animal is known to be the MAIN carrier of rabies in North America?
Which animal helps keep mice and rat populations down because of its appetite for rodents?
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