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1 and 2 Samuel
Terms in this set (35)
Last of the judges of Israel, first of a great line of prophets, anointed of the first kings
Why is Samuel known as the "New Moses"
Care taker of the Arc of the Covenant, has military victories, miraculous birth, call (a theophany), judge of the people
The tribe Samuel belongs to
Mother of Samuel, unable to conceive but prays to God and conceives Samuel (similar to Sarah)
What is Hannah's song/prayer?
A prayer of praise of God, acknowledges God's faithfulness (especially in those seen as "lesser"), juxtaposition of opposites (ex. Rich and poor), foreshadowing of Mary's Magnificat
Priest, Levite, Judge, Mentor figure for Samuel (teaches Samuel how to pray and listen to God), his sons are terrible judges and not as noble (they think the Ark is a tool for men to use)
Death of Eli
Eli dies b/c of the news of the death of his sons that the Ark is lost. He falls out of his chair and breaks his neck.
God's Call to Samuel
God calls to Samuel while he is sleeping and at first he doesn't realize it, but then Eli tells him to answer by saying "Speak, Lord, your servant is listening".
God's call to Samuel is this and it is a visual manifestation of God
Ark of the Covenant
Housed the holy presence of God, remains of the 10 commandment tablets, manna, and Aaron's staff. Originally remained at the center of the Tabernacle which was at the center of Israelite camp and lead them in travel.
Ark in the Temple of Dagon
The Philistines put the Ark alongside Dagon and awoke to find Dagon lying facedown next to the Ark; they fixed it and the same thing happened and the feet/hands were broken
Wherever the Ark went, it weighed heavily on the people and caused tumors
Dagon was the fertility god of the Philistines
Request for a king
The people are supposed to acknowledge God as their king and in asking for an Earthly King the people reject God.
Use of oil and significance of oil
Samuel anointed Saul with oil to become the king. The significance of oil is for medicine, perfume, and a symbol of blessing
Son of Kish, from the tribe of Benjamin (smallest tribe), described as tall and handsome
What happens when Saul is first anointed king?
At first the people reject him, but this changes when the people learn he is a warrior and he led them to victory over the Ammonites
How would you describe Saul? (Nonphysical characteristics)
Jealous because he hears people cheering about David and gets mad when it is not about him, not a good listener because he lets Agag go and doesn't enforce the ban, Doesn't know his place because he sacrificed the burnt offering but he's not a priest, paranoid because he goes to the medium at Endor to find out what is going to happen
Saul sacrificing the burnt offering?
This is wrong because he didn't listen to the command from God and he also isn't a priest so he doesn't have the authority to sacrifice an offering
The battle of Amalek, Agag, and God's disapproval
This is the beginning of the end for Saul as king b/c he disobeys God by letting Agag go free and refuses the ban. He loses God's favor.
Son of Saul, friend of David, covenant with David that he would protect him and David would honor his family's name, father of Meribaal
Medium at Endor
A medium is a person who can talk to the dead, Saul had outlawed the work of mediums and this is important because it shows how desperate he is in knowing what his future will hold. Saul wants to speak with Samuel and Samuel isn't happy and presents Saul's doom.
All of his sons die and Saul sees his defeat. He asks his Armor Bearer to kill him. The armor bearer denies it and Saul falls on his own sword.
Tribe of Judah, Youngest son of Jesse, from Bethlehem (House of Bread)
He does this after the death of Saul. A lamentation is an expression of grief and sorrow, a way of remembering.
Saul's only remaining son, is the king of Israel (which is a collection of some tribes), rules for 2 years. He is murdered by Rechab and Baanah, they cut off his head and brought it to David.
After Ishbaal's death
David was the king of the tribe of Judah, but once Ishbaal dies he is know the king of Israel and Judah. David was the King of Judah for 7 years and 6 months and overall he was the king of Israel and Judah for 33 years.
David and Goliath
Goliath is the Philistines champ and David is the Israelites champ. David wins by hitting Goliath with a rock from his slingshot. David's victory sparks Saul's jealousy. Theme: shows God's favor and an original underdog story
Saul and David
The increase of Saul's jealousy, which turns to rage against David. David spares Saul's life.
David and Meribaal
Meribaal is important to David because he is a relative of Jonathan and it is keeping his covenant. David shows favor to Meribaal by giving him Saul's lands, eats at the King's table, and lives in the palace. David's acts are somewhat genuine because he is upholding his covenant with Jonathan to honor his family name and protect them. However, there may be some political motives in keeping him at his palace so the others couldn't rally around a relative of Saul and other throw him.
David and Bathsheba
Major characters: David and Bathsheba; minor characters: Uriah (Bathsheba's husband), Joab (David's trusted general), and Nathan (a prophet). Theme of lust and consequences. David's desire for Bathsheba motivates him to sleep with her, deceive Uriah, and eventually have Uriah killed (sent him to the front of the battle field and then pulled the rest of the troops away, leaving him to be killed; made to look like an accident).
Rather than simply tell David God disapproves, the parable acts as a mirror held up before David so he can see his own wrong doing and experience its full effect. Through Nathan, God makes known his disapproval of David's actions. The lamb: Bathsheba; The richman:David; The poor man: Uriah
God's response to David's actions
David repents by putting on sack cloth and covers himself in ash. Bathsheba gives birth, but as a punishment their child will not survive.
Bathsheba conceives a child with David which is Solomon
David and Absolm
Amnon, Tamar, and Absolm are all siblings. Amnon (David's first born son) violates Tamar. Absolm wants to kill Amnon and plots his death for 2 years. He goes into hiding after Amnon's death.
Woman of Tekoa
Joab convinces David to bring Absolm back and forgive him through this woman. She is similar to Nathan's parable, a mirror so David sees his own actions.
After Absolm's return
Absolm begins to plot against David, so David flees for his life. They go to battle and David's army wins. Absolm is stuck in a tree and Joab kills him.
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