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Terms in this set (42)
Nations of Islam
Led by Elijah Muhammed- Alah(God) would bring about a Black Nation, a unikn among non-whitr people
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Freedom Summer (1964)
Effort by civil rights groups in Mississippi to register black voters during the summer of 1964
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka
1954- court decision that declared state laws segregating schools to be unconstitutional. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolition of slavery w/o compensation for slave-owners
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment (1870)
U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creepy
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
when did the civil rights movement start
1952; renamed himself X to signify the loss of his African heritage; converted to Nation of Islam in jail in the 50s, became Black Muslims' most dynamic street orator and recruiter; his beliefs were the basis of a lot of the Black Power movement built on seperationist and nationalist impulsesto achieve true independence and equality
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.
1st African American woman elected to Congress (NY) and later made a bid for the Democratic nomination in the 1972 presidential campaign
first African-American woman from a southern state to serve in Congress when she was elected to the House of Representatives in 1973.
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.
James Earl Ray
convicted of killing Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 and sentenced to 99 years in jail
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
Murdered in 1955 for whistling at a white woman by her husband and his friends. They kidnapped him and brutally killed him. his death led to the American Civil Rights movement.
1961-1963, Democrat, both parties had the platform of civil rights planks and a national health program, used president to be elected and first Roman Catholic
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
Little Rock Nine
In September 1957 the school board in Little rock, Arkansas, won a court order to admit nine African American students to Central High a school with 2,000 white students. The governor ordered troops from Arkansas National Guard to prevent the nine from entering the school. The next day as the National Guard troops surrounded the school, an angry white mob joined the troops to protest the integration plan and to intimidate the AA students trying to register. The mob violence pushed Eisenhower's patience to the breaking point. He immediately ordered the US Army to send troops to Little Rock to protect and escort them for the full school year.
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation
years of the CRM
Protest to register African American voters in the South, violence against protesters
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
an interracial group founded in 1942 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
the refusal to obey unjust laws
Who practiced civil disobedience?
Henry David Thoreau
Emmitt Till Murder
Murdered for "flirting" with a white a white woman
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
Philosophy of Black Muslims
Blacks should separate from whites, formed own governing communities, popularize self- defense
Why was Robert Kennedy assassinated?
Was killer for supporting Israel and assassinated by Sirhan B. Sirhan
JFK approach to passing civil rights legislation
Go to Dallas and give a speech
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