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Civil Rights Movement Review
Terms in this set (45)
Nations of Islam
a religious group that preached black separation and self-help; one of its more prominent members was Malcom X
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Freedom Summer (1964)
a campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters.
Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
when did the civil rights movement begin?
African-American civil rights leader who encouraged violent responses to racial discrimination
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee by James Earl Ray. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.
First African American woman elected to Congress 1968
first African-American woman elected to Texas Senate since
First African American Supreme Court Justice
First African American Secretary of State
James Earl Ray
who did Mohandas Gandhi inspire
Murdered in 1955 for whistling at a white woman by her husband and his friends. They kidnapped him and brutally killed him. his death led to the American Civil Rights movement.
1961-1963, Democrat, both parties had the platform of civil rights planks and a national health program, used president to be elected and first Roman Catholic
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda.
unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group and its members
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
Little Rock Nine
In September 1957 the school board in Little rock, Arkansas, won a court order to admit nine African American students to Central High a school with 2,000 white students. The governor ordered troops from Arkansas National Guard to prevent the nine from entering the school. The next day as the National Guard troops surrounded the school, an angry white mob joined the troops to protest the integration plan and to intimidate the AA students trying to register. The mob violence pushed Eisenhower's patience to the breaking point. He immediately ordered the US Army to send troops to Little Rock to protect and escort them for the full school year.
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation
Years of CRM
Selma March (1966)
Civil Rights organizers organized a march from Selma to Alabama's capital (Montgomery). This action brought attention to the problem of voting discrimination.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
an interracial group founded in 1942 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences.
Emmett Till Murder
a Mississippi lynching of a fourteen-year-old boy who allegedly leered at a white woman. His brutal death contributed to the violence that maintained the Jim Crow Laws, which were not actually protected by any constitutional law.
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Lyndon B. Johnson
36th U.S. President. 1963-1969. Democratic
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
Philosophy of Black Muslims
Blacks should separate from whites, formed own governing communities, popularize self- defense
Robert Kennedy Assassination
Sirhan assassinated him because he was angry at Kennedy's support of Israel
JFK approach to passing civil rights legislation
Go to Dallas and give a speech
a belief in the separate identity and racial unity of the African American community
(Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee)-a group established in 1960 to promote and use non-violent means to protest racial discrimination; they were the ones primarily responsible for creating the sit-in movement
peaceful resistance to a government by fasting or refusing to cooperate
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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