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Ethics/Social Justice Final Exam
Terms in this set (58)
Active support of an idea or cause, action on behalf of justice, directed towards government, citizens, and businesses
An economic system based upon the private ownership of goods and the free-market system
An economic system in which there is no private ownership of goods and the creation and distribution of goods and services is determined by the whole community or by the government
An action that benefits marginalized people, but is only a temporary solution, ie. donations, volunteering
The Great Commandment
Love God with all of your being and love your neighbor as yourself
The responsibility that society has safeguarding essential human rights and ensuring the just distribution of the earth's resources, with special regard for those people whose basic needs are going unmet
The social responsibilities that citizens owe their country and society
An approach to justice that centers around repairing right relationships; specifically repairing the harm done to the victim and the community by a criminal act
This type of justice calls for fairness in agreements and contracts between individuals; it is an equal exchange of goods, money, or services
A change in global or regional climate patterns, can result in environmental racism, neglect to Care for God's creation
The good that is collectively shared by a number of people and that is beneficial for all members of a given community; Social conditions that allow for all citizens of the earth, individual and families, to meet basic needs and achieve fulfillment promote the common good
The "interior voice," guided by human reason and Divine Law, that leads us to understand ourselves as responsible for our actions, and prompts us to do good and avoid evil; to make good judgements, one needs to have a well-formed conscience
Universal destination of goods
The principle that the earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity
A letter written by a group of bishops to those in their region
A letter written by the Pope
The complex pattern of relationships that shape any society; they help to determine how justice is lived out in society
Structures of Sin
Social structures that block justice and fail to protect human life and human rights; they are the result of the personal sin of individuals and in turn lead to personal sins
The value of every human
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human beings, related to the CST theme the value of every human life and the dignity of every human person
Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union, related to the CST theme the Rights of Workers and the Dignity of work
Open, racist acts that are blatant, outright and on the surface
Three characteristics: Close-mindedness, stereotypes, strong emotion, making assumptions about people based on a single trait
Attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner
Treating people of one gender without the full respect their equal dignity requires
Associations of workers, formed to bargain with employers for better working conditions and higher wages; protect the rights of workers and uphold the dignity of work in a capitalist society
People who are systematically excluded and disadvantaged by social, political, and economic institutions; ex. women, ethnic minorities, impoverished people, disabled people, etc.
Just War criteria
List of conditions that must be met in order for a war to be justified; jus ad bellum (before war)—just cause, right intention, last resort, reasonable chance of success, legitimate authority, comparative justice/cause, proportionality; jus in bello (during war)—proportionality, discrimination, treatment of POWs; jus post bellum (after war)—honorable surrender, negotiations that consider the rights of all belligerents
To confront injustice and violence with love, using only nonviolent strategies in working for justice and peace
Belief that war is evil, refuse to use violence, nonviolent resistance, prevent/correct evil, protest, diplomacy, civil disobedience
The ability to solve social, political, environmental, economic, etc. injustices and inequalities is able to be maintained over a long period of time
The fact of deep-seated disparities in terms of social status, economic agency, and political voice; furthered by sinful social structures that marginalize; work on behalf justice needed to change it
An escalating international competition to accumulate ever great numbers of weapons and to develop ever more effective and destructive weapons for armed conflicts
The global issue of people not having enough food due to the lack of fair distribution
A policy by which a nation maintains or exerts its control over a foreign territory or country
The fear of being homosexual or of people with a homosexual orientation
Belief in the social, political and economic equality of the sexes
A system of beliefs and actions that rests on two principles:
●Gender inequality defines our society
● Such inequality is wrong and must change.
For every dollar men make, women earn 82 cents, The significant and remarkable consistent gap between earnings of men and women
Circle of social action
Awareness -> Analysis -> Action, our faith calls us to be aware of social needs and injustices, awareness requires analysis, analysis results in action, and action leads to deeper awareness
Focusing on the physical attractiveness of a person because of the pleasure provided
Federal Poverty Line
Governmental standard of measurement indicating the income level of when an individual or family is designated as poor, $25,100
antidote to all forms of oppression, sympathy, the opposite of any form of oppression; special love for those who suffer from the systemic results of prejudice and power
The moral principle that large organizations and governments should not take over responsibilities and decisions that can be carried out by individuals and local organizations, and that large corporations and governments have the responsibility to support the good of human beings, families, and local communities, which are the center and purpose of social life
Life and Dignity of Human Person, Option for the poor and vulnerable, Call to Family/Community/Participation, Care for God's creation, Solidarity, Dignity of Work and Rights of workers, Rights and responsibilities
Life and Dignity of Human Person
CST Theme, All human beings have God-given dignity because we are loved by God and created by him in his image and likeness.All human life is sacred because we have been redeemed by God
Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
CST theme, This is the principle that the earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity, First, it involves freely choosing to become friends or partners with those who are poor and taking on their problems as our problems, second a commitment to take action to transform any injustices that prevent them from realizing their God-given dignity
Call to Family, Community, and Participation
CST Theme, Human beings are social creatures, created by God to live in fellowship and community, The original and central form of human community is the family, defined as a man and woman united in Marriage together with their children and extended family, all other social groups and institutions are built around the family, and the family serves as the training ground for how to live in society, therefore the support and protection of the family must have the highest priority in society
Care for God's creation
CST theme, emphasizes stewardship, or that human beings have a responsibility to take care of the Earth and its creatures
CST Theme, Having a bond with people that makes you care about them the way you care about people in your own family.
The Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers
CST theme, Work, and the economy in general, exists for the sake of people, not the other way around, and the value of work must first be measured by whether it promotes the human dignity of the worker
Rights and Responsibilities
CST Theme, God created every person with equal dignity and value. Because of that equal dignity, every human person has the right to the things necessary to live a dignified life. The most basic of these rights is the right to life, which includes the rights to food, clothing, shelter, rest, medical care, and essential social services
"Rerum Novarum: On the Conditions of Labor"
1891 encyclical by Pope Leo XIII, addresses the Church's right to speak on social issues, affirms that every person has basic rights that must be respected by society, promotes the rights and just treatment of workers", first encyclical
"Pacem in Terris: Peace on Earth"
1963 encyclical written by Pope John XXIII which explains that real peace is not the absence of war when it is based on fear of mutual annihilation. Rather, real peace is based on justice and the protection of people's rights and resolutions of conflicts peacefully
"Gaudium et Spes: The Church in the Modern World"
Constitution written in 1965 by Vatican Council II, says the Church must serve the world and work with other organizations in promoting the common good, condemns the use of weapons of mass destruction, maintains that peace is not just the absence of war but is justice throughout society, addresses many specific topics related to social justice
"Open Wide Our Hearts"
USCCB 2018 pastoral letter on racism that focus on the continued legacy of historical, systemic racism on African-Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, and Native Americans
"Economic Justice for All"
Pastoral letter from 1986, This letter is a comprehensive examination of economic justice in the United States, identifying good and bad aspects of the U.S. economic system. It echoes many of the themes in the papal documents on social justice, including the following: Economic decisions must be judged by how they protect or undermine human dignity, All members of society have an obligation to help those who are poor and vulnerable, The Church should be an example of economic justice in how she treats her employees, invests her savings, and serves people in need
Pope Francis' 2015 encyclical that centers around caring for the earth, our common home; integrates scientific sources as well as Church doctrine, interweaves issues of stewardship with the marginalization of actual people by present society
"Always Our Children"
1997 pastoral letter by the USCCB which affirms that individuals of a homosexual orientation are no less loved by God because of this
"Brothers and Sisters to Us"
1979 pastoral letter by the USCCB which addresses the subtle forms of racism (i.e. unemployment disparity, educational achievement gap, institutional racism, etc.) that persisted 15 years after the Civil Rights Act of 1964
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