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20 terms

9.1 Intelligence Tests

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IQ
a measure of an individuals probable performance in school and in similar settings
Weschler Adult Intelligence scale (WAIS-III)
an IQ test used commonly with adults
Standford-Binet
the first important IQ test in the English language
progressive Matrices
an IQ test that attempts to measure abstract reasoning without the use of spelling or the recall of facts
psychometric Approach
the measurement of individual differences in abilities and behaviors
Fluid intelligence
the basic power of reasoning and using information, including the ability to perceive relationships, solve unfamiliar problems, and gain new types of knowledge.
crystallized intelligence
acquired skills ans knowledge and the application of knowledge to the specific content of a person's experience.
multiple intelligences
Howard Gardner's theory that intelligence is composed of numerous unrelated forms of intelligent behavior.
triarchic theory
Sternberg's theory that intelligence has three aspects: the cognitive processes that occur within the individual, the situations that require intelligence, and how intelligence relates to the external world.
WISC-IV
an IQ test commonly used with children
Lewis Terman
modified the test that Binet and Simon created for English speakers;created the Stanford-Binet IQ test
Alfred Binet
the indvidual that published the first measure of intelligence in 1905. The purpose of his intelligence test was to correctly place students on academic tracks in the French school system.
Howard Gardner
Harvard researcher that has identified at least eight types of intelligences: linguistic, logical/mathematical, bodily/kinesthetic, musical, spatial (visual), interpersonal (the ability to understand others), intrapersonal (the ability to understand oneself), and naturalist (the ability to recognize fine distinctions and patterns in the natural world).
Robert Sternberg
intelligence; devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (analytical, practical, and creative)
Charles Spearman
psychologist; believed there was a general intelligence, or g factor that underlies the various clusters in factor analysis
Raymond Cattell
developed the concepts of fluid & crystal intelligence
John Mayer
introduced the term "emotional intelligence"
Emotional Intelligence
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions
L.L Thurstone
proposed that intelligence consisted of 7 factors: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory
Galton
wanted to understand how heredity influences a person's abilities, character, and behavior; concluded that genius or eminence is a hereditary trait