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34 terms

Greek Unit People

STUDY
PLAY
Helen
her kidnapping started the Trojan War
Heinrich Schiemann
first to suggest that the Trojan War was based on true events
Achilles
Greek Trojan War hero
Hector
Trojan war hero
Homer
Writer right after Dorian Age
Draco
Athenian ruler, equal code of laws for all, harsh punishments
Solon
Athenian ruler, split Athenians into 4 classes based on wealth, no slavery
Cleisthenes
Athenian ruler, split Athens into 10 groups based on land region, increased assembly power, made Council of 500
Darius the Great
started the Persian Wars
Pheidippides
ran the first marathon, Athenian
Xerxes
succedes Darius the Great, loses the Persian War
Themistocles
urges Athens to sea
Pericles
ruled during Athen's Golden Age
Phidias
sculpted the Parthenon
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides
tradgedy writers
Aristophanes
comedy writer
Herodotus
first historian
Thucydides
great historian
Protagoras
questioned the existence of the gods
Socrates
philosopher, believed in self-examination, condemned to death
Plato
philosopher, wrote about an ideal society
Aristotle
philosopher, questioned nature of world and human belief, scientific method, taught Alexander the Great
Philip II
king of Macedonia, took over Greece
Alexander the Great
great Macedonian king who conquered from Greece to the Indus Valley
Darius III
king of Persia when Alexander the Great attacked
Antigonus
took Macedonia and Greece after Alexander died
Ptolemy
took Egypt after Alexander died
Seleucus
took old Persian Empire after Alexander died
Aristarchus of Samos
astronomer
Eratosthenes
astronomer, director of Alexandrian library/museum
Euclid
mathematician
Archimedes
scientist
Zeno
founded Stoicism
Epicurus
founded Epicureanism