right and left-handed isomers; mirror images of each other; can have identical physical properties
Compound, such as ethene or ethyne, that contains at least one double or triple bond between carbon atoms
a compound that contains a benzene structure having a ring with 6 carbons; most have a distinct odor
fused -ring structure
an aromatic compound that is made up of two or more benzene rings fused together
an aromatic compound with 10 carbon atoms and 8 hydrogen atoms; 2 benzene fused-ring structure; used in moth balls
a hydrocarbon in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by atoms of other elements
an oily, dark-colored, flammable liquid found in the earth, consisting mainly of a mixture of various hydrocarbons.
The process by which petroleum can be separated into simpler components, called fractions, as they condense at different boiling points
big metal towers used in petroleum refineries to separate petroleum into fractions by their boiling points
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar molecular units, called monomers, covalently joined together in a chain.
polymer formed from a chain containing many ethylene units; used in plastic bags and bottles
large organic polymers formed from organic monomers called amino acids; make up many body tissues such as hair, muscles, tendons, and hemoglobin; 15% of total body weight comes from protein
the monomers that combine to form proteins' your body breaks protein into amino acids and then uses the amino acids to build the protein you need
a protein polymer that carries oxygen in your blood, it contains four peptide chains coiled around each other; each chain has an atom of iron
a compound containing two or more amino acids in which the carboxyl group of one acid is linked to the amino group of the other.
nucleic acid built of complex molecules called nucleotides; found in the cell nucleus; it codes and stores genetic information and controls the production of RNA
compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; twice as many hydrogen atoms as oxygen atoms; ex. sugars and starches
biological compounds containing the same elements of carbohydrates but in different arrangements and combinations; includes fats and oils
found in meats, eggs, butter and cheese; it is a lipid but not a fat; your body produces it in the liver; it is a precursor of many hormones