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study guide of social studeez
Terms in this set (34)
A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
a member of the most powerful class in ancient Greek society
a leader who held power through the use of force
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Money paid by one country to another in return for protection
people who, it was believed, could speak with the gods
a person who searches for wisdom or enlightenment
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
A democratic Greek polis who accomplished many cultural achievements, and who were constantly at war with Sparta.
an outdoor market place in ancient Greece
Sellers of products
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned by other people.
A powerful Greek miliary polis that was often at war with Athens. Used slaves known as helots to provide agricultural labor.
enslaved people in ancient Sparta
an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta
a disease that spreads quickly and kills many people
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
a person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized
to murder for political reasons
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Of or influenced by the Greek Empire. A type of culture typically referred to after the conquests of Alexander the Great.
what type of gov't is run by a king or queen
Monarchy. A monarchy is a government ruled by a king or a queen who inherits their position from their family,
what type of gov't is run by the people
democracy. The people meet to make all the decisions. Two types of democracy: (1) direct and (2) representative.
what was the four seasons mythology who was involved and what did it explain?
The story of how the four seasons came to be originates with Demeter, the Greek mythological goddess of the harvest. She was the goddess who blessed the earth and made sure that everyone had a great harvest. However, according to the stories, whether or not the harvest would be good or not depended largely n her moods. After suffering the greatest heartbreak of her life, the four seasons were born. Here's a look at the story of how the seasons came to be:
what is the purpose of greek mythology?
Meant to show us the way the human race thought and felt long ago
what was narcissus and the echo mythology?who was involved what did it explain ?
Echo was an Oread in Greek mythology, a mountain nymph that lived on Mount Kithairon.
Zeus was quite attracted to nymphs and often visited them. Hera, his wife, jealous of his various affairs, followed him trying to catch him. However, Echo would engage Hera in long-winded conversations, giving the time to Zeus to evade her. At some point, Hera realised the plot of Echo and cursed her to only be able to repeat the last words that another person just said.
After being cursed, Echo came across a beautiful young man named Narcissus, but was unable to talk to him because of the curse. She simply followed him in the woods. Narcissus, having lost his companions with whom he had gone hunting, started shouting "Is anyone there?" Echo, given the opportunity, repeated the words. He shouted again "Let's come together" to which Echo rushed onto him repeating his words. However, Narcissus rejected Echo, and she was left in despair. Narcissus came across a lake and there, he fell in love with his own image, causing his death, unable to move. Echo mourned for him and eventually died away herself, leaving only her voice behind.
What was in Pandora's box mythology who was involved and what did it explain?
Pandora's Box was the gift that Zeus gave to Pandora. He instructed her not to open the box, but she couldn't resist, and when she did, misery and evil entered the world. The last item in the box was hope.
why did city states in ancient greece develop independently and not as a unified state
One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. The country's mountainous terrain, many isolated valleys, and numerous offshore islands encouraged the formation of many local centers of power, rather than one all-powerful capital.
WHO WAS ALEXANDER THE GREAT HOW DID HE RISE TO POWER AND HOW DID HE INFLUENCE THE SPREADING OF GREEK CULTURE
great conqueror, in 13 short years he amassed the largest empire in the entire ancient world — an empire that covered 3,000 miles. And he did this without the benefit of modern technology and weaponry. In his day, troop movements were primarily on foot, and communications were face to face. Alexander's conquests spread Greek culture
what was the difference between life in athens and life in sparta
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. ... Athenian life was a creative wonderland.
Who fought in the Peloponnesian War and why did it start
The War fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. Description: The Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) took place between the Athenian empire and Peloponnesian league lead by the Spartans. The Peloponnesian league was a coalition of the Thebes, Corinth and Sparta.
how did the lives of women in sparta differ from the lives of the women in athens
Thus, compared to other women in ancient Greek city-states, Sparta women were luckier, they were free to move outside and they could involve in education, military and also politics. ... Spartan women could inherit property while Athenian women had no such rights. Spartan women had the rights to own wealth and property.
what greek influences do we still see today in modern society Yeeeeeeioioioioioit
5.Science and Mathematics
10.Trial by Jury
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