Get ahead with a $300 test prep scholarship
| Enter to win by Tuesday 9/24
Praxis: Elementary Education English
Terms in this set (37)
understanding that letters represent sounds which form words; it is the knowledge of predictable relationships between written letters and spoken sounds.
a method of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with letters or groups of letters in an alphabetic writing system.
the branch of linguistics dealing with language in use and the contexts in which it is used, including such matters as deixis, taking turns in conversation, text organization, presupposition, and implicature.
the hypothesized mental process whereby a new concept is learned (or a new hypothesis formed) based only on a single exposure to a given unit of information.
the smallest grammatical unit in a language. In other words, it is the smallest meaningful unit of a language - focuses on the meaning of the word (suffixes, prefixes, root words, etc.)
tapping out each sound in the word
breaking apart each syllable
doing something repeatedly out of habit
a common semantic error made by children. It occurs when a word is given a narrower meaning than it has in adult language. An example is using the word cat for the family pet but not applying it to other cats.
when a categorical term (a word used to describe a group of things) is used in language to represent more categories than it actually does. This happens in particular with very young children. An example is when a child refers to all animals as 'doggie' or refers to a lion as a 'kitty.'
two word sentences to express meaning, such as "I hungry."
two vowels in one syllable
the branch of linguistics and logic concerned with meaning.
the understanding of the written meaning of a passage: the definition of words, the context of the writing, the main idea of the passage, and the sequence of thought chosen by the author.
requires readers to make judgments about what they are reading based on an evaluation of several text-grounded factors, such as the quality of the writing, the determination that it is fact not opinion, the objectivity of the author, and whether the text is believable.
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes.
beginning sound in a word
concluding vowel and consonant in a word
defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process. Logical order should be used with appropriate sequencing of ideas or steps in a process.
type of ambiguity, logical fallacy
a part of the language-learning process in which children extend regular grammatical patterns to irregular words, such as the use of goed for went, or tooths for teeth.
relies more on rote memory of words connected to graphic symbols and may be referred to as visually cued reading.
Word elements and sounds of letters within words are most important.
This stage requires analysis of groups of words and has been referred to as 'cipher sight word reading.' It occurs when reading is more automatic and fluent
a method of teaching children to read at an early age that allows students to select their own reading matter and that emphasizes the use and recognition of words in everyday contexts.
humans are pre-programmed with the innate ability to develop language.
gives a command
a sentence consisting of only one clause, with a single subject and predicate.
a sentence with two or more independent clauses
a sentence containing independent and dependent clauses
compound complex sentence
a sentence containing dependent and two or more independent clauses
a broad term that describes how a person communicates their wants and needs
listening and reading, because learners do not need to produce language to do these, they receive and understand it. These skills are sometimes known as passive skills.
The process of deriving meaning from text through application of what the reader already knows, the reader's ability to decipher the text, and the context of the passage
This is a delivery where the speaker reads every word from a pre-written speech.
a limited-preparation speech event based on research and original analysis, a basic outline, but not a word for word speech
superlatives, such as "the tallest"
used when comparing more than two things