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Sacraments Final Study Guide
Terms in this set (25)
What is Grace?
Grace is the free and undeserved help that God gives us.
How is it (grace) given in the Sacraments?
It is given in the Sacraments by the Holy Spirit through efficacious signs & actions.
What happens when we accept it (grace)?
When we accept grace, we grow closer to God.
What happens if we don't want to accept it (grace) ?
Nothing else happens, it will be there when we are ready to accept it.
What are the 4 aspects/elements present in each Sacrament?
Describe how Memorial is present in each Sacrament
A remembering that God is present with us now and has always acted for our benefit in the past
Describe how Celebration is present in each Sacrament
A church-approved ritual (involving objects, words, and actions) that gives worship and thanks to God for our Salvation in Christ
Describe how Communion is present in each Sacrament
A real encounter of oneness between God and humanity, and oneness between Church members
Describe how Transformation is present in each Sacrament
An empowerment to become more holy and to minister to others through the gift of God's grace
The Sacrament of Baptism has a number of symbolic objects and actions. Describe the symbolism of life and death present in the Blessing of the Baptismal water and the Baptismal font at the Easter Vigil.
The font is emptied, signifying that Christ is absent from the Church. It is refilled and is "penetrated" by the Baptismal Candle three times. A little bit of wax is poured in as well to indicate the procreative nature of the action
How is the Baptismal font both a womb and a tomb? How does the blessing symbolize a new birth?
Candle and font represent the creation of life with dipping into the water. Going into the font symbolizes death (tomb) and coming out, we are reborn (womb) into a new life with Christ.
How is the Eucharist an event
refers to the entire Mass
How is the Eucharist an object
Refers to the consecrated species of wheat bread and grape wine— the Body and Blood of Christ
How is the Eucharist an action
Our being "sent forth" from the Eucharist reminds us that the Eucharist can also be a verb
What is sin?
any action that goes against God's will and harms our relationship with God
Original fall from grace from humanity. It is inherited by all people
A less serious offense that harms our relationship, but does not break it
Grave or deadly sin that ruptures/breaks our relationship with God
What are the 3 conditions that must be met in order for a sin to be considered a mortal sin?
Full knowledge that it is wrong
Do it in free will
Serious or grave matter
Explain the various ideas on suffering.
The early Israelites believed that all suffering directly resulted as a punishment for sin
How does the Law of Retribution explain the cause of suffering?
connects one's physical condition to one's moral condition; good= healthy/prosper, bad = unhealthy/suffer
How does Job's story go against this idea?
he's a righteous man but still suffers. A reward is delayed but is given in life
What is Apocalyptic literature in the Biblical sense and how does it answer the problem of suffering
A genre of writing that assigns the enactment of God's justice to after death or to an end time when good people will be rewarded and evil people will be punished; If good people do not find justice in this life, then God will give them justice in the next life
Describe the basic differences between matrimony and marriage
Marriage: civil contract, permanent (but is more easily dissolved), given by the state
Matrimony: sacrament (holy), covenant (meant to be forever), given by the church.
What are the two conditions that must be met in order for the union to be considered a sacrament?
For the good of the husband and wife
For the procreation and education of children
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