AP World History Chapter 22
Terms in this set (40)
Asian Sea-Trading Network
Divided, from West to East, into three zones prior to the European arrival: an Arab zone based on glass, carpets, and tapestries; an Indian zone, with cotton textiles; and a Chinese zone, with paper, porcelain, and silks.
Last of the Ming emperors; committed suicide in 1644 in the face of a Jurchen capture of the Forbidden City at Beijing.
Island in Nagasaki Bay; only port open to non-Japanese after closure of the islands in the 1640s; only Chinese and Dutch ships were permitted to enter.
Dutch Trading Empire
The Dutch system extending into Asia with fortified towns and factories, warships on patrol, and monopoly control of a limited number of products.
First Ming emperor in 1368; originally of peasant lineage; original name Zhu Yuanzhang; drove out Mongol influence; restored position of scholar-gentry.
Traders; believed that a country could accumulate gold and silver by selling more goods than it bought.
Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located at the southern end of the Persian Gulf; site for forcible entry into the Asian sea trade network.
General under Nobunaga; succeeded as a leading militarypower in central Japan; continued efforts to break power of the daimyos; became military master of Japan in 1590; died 1598.
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Ming Chinese painter, poet, writer and dramatist; painted ink brush paintings.
Hongwu and his strong successor, (r. 1403-1424), were allowed to lapse under later less capable, rulers, with devastating consequences for the Ming Empire. (p. 492)
Series of seven overseas trade expeditions under third Ming emperor, Yunglo; led by court eunuch Zhenghe between 1405 and 1433; only Chinese attempt to create worldwide trade empire.
A rebel leader from a peasant family seized the Mongol capital of Beijing and proclaimed a new Ming (meaning "brilliant") dynasty that ended in 1644.
Southern island of Philippines; a Muslim kingdom that was able to successfully resist Spanish conquest.
Slender, long-hulled vessels utilized by Portuguese; highly maneuverable and able to sail against the wind; key to development of Portuguese trade empire in Asia.
A northern industrial province in China, invaded by the Japanese in 1931. From here the Japanese would launch an invasion of mainland China beginning in 1937.
School of National Learning
18th-century ideology that emphasized Japan's unique historical experience and the revival of indigenous culture at the expense of Confucianism and other Chinese influences.
Treaty of Gijanti
Signed in 1757; reduced remaining Javanese princes to vassals of Dutch East India Company; allowed Dutch to monopolize production of coffee on Java.
One of two ports in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty.
place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods
City on the tip of the Malayan peninsula; a center for trade to the southeastern Asian islands; became a major Portuguese trading base.
Vassal of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; succeeded him as most powerful military figure in Japan; granted title of shogun in 1603 and established Tokugawa Shogunate; established political unity in Japan.
A formal, literary, and administrative language in India.
The Mongolian dynasty that ruled China from 1279 to 1368. It was founded in 1271 by Kublai Khan (Genghis Khan's grandson). The Yuan Dynasty was preceded by the Song Dynasty, and followed by the Ming.
A philosophy that emerged in Song-dynasty China; it revived Confucian thinking while adding in Buddhist and Daoist elements.
An Italian Jesuit who by his knowledge of astronomy and science was accepted as a missionary of China.
Chinese class created by the marital linkage of the local land-holding aristocracy with the office-holding shi; superseded shi as governors of China.
This was a man who helped Ignatius of Loyola to start the Jesuits. He also was famous for his number of missionaries he went on to promote Christianity.
Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located on the Western Indian Coast; site for forcible entry into the Asian sea trade network.
The first Japanese daimyo to make extensive use of firearms; in 1573 deposed the last Ashikaga shogun; unified much of central Honshu; died in 1582.
Northern island of the Philippines; conquered by Spain during the 1560s; site of a major Catholic missionary effort.
One of the 2 port cities where Europeans were permitted to trade with China during the Ming Dynasty.
Robert Di Nobli
Italian Jesuit missionary; worked in India during the early 1600s; introduced strategy to convert elites first; strategy later widely adopted by Jesuits in various parts of Asia; mission eventually failed.
Fort established in 1619 as headquarters of Dutch East India Company operations in Indonesia; today the city of Jakarta.
(Now named Tokyo) the location of the new leaders; the capital was moved from Kyoto to Edo.
A member of a religious order who lived and worked among the public.
2050 BC. - 1800 BC.: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canal between NIle and Red Sea so Egytian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Penninsula and East Africa; expanded Egyptian territory: Nubia, Syria.
Wife of Zhu Yuanzhang; was assisted in the rebel efforts; influenced Zhu Yuanzhang's decisions.
Along with Matteo Ricci, Jesuit scholar in court of Ming emperors; skilled scientist; won few converts to Christianity.
Built in the Ming Dynasty, was a stunning monument in Bejing built for Yunglo; all commoners and foreigners were forbidden to enter without special permission.
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