Terms in this set (44)
to pass urine
four small glands on the posterior of the thyroid gland
increases blood calcium levels
posterior pituitary gland
ADH and oxytocin
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
anterior pituitary; stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
decreases water loss in urine by returning water to the blood
adrenal cortex, Hormone that stimulates the kidney to retain sodium ions and water
a hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex
Neurotransmitter secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress. Also known as adrenaline.
A neurotransmitter from nerve endings and a hormone from the adrenal gland. It is release in times of stress and is involved in hunger regulation, blood glucose regulation and other body processes.
Female sex hormone
A tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that targets the gonads. In females, FSH stimulates the ovaries to develop follicles (oogenesis) and secrete estrogen; in males, FSH stimulates spermatogenesis.
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that raises blood glucose levels;
A protein hormone synthesized in the pancreas that regulates blood sugar levels by facilitating the uptake of glucose into tissues
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces sleepiness.
A hormone released by the posterior pituitary that stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding.
A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstrual cycle.
stimulates milk production
parathyroid hormone- raises blood calcium levels
Lowers blood calcium levels
Male sex hormone
thymus, programs t lymphocytes
one of the thyroid hormones
increases the metabolic rate at a much slower rate but its effects can last for several days
thyroid stimulating hormone
A gland (as a sweat gland, a salivary gland, or a kidney) that releases a secretion external to or at the surface of an organ by means of a canal or duct.
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the bloodstream
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another
type of hormones produced mainly by the testes, ovaries, and adrenal glands (estrogen and testosterone, adrenaline, cortisol, and aldosterone) not soluble in water
made of either protein, peptides or amino acids. Not fat soluble (do not enter cell to exert their effect) Bind to the surface of target cells to trigger a rxn. within the cell.
FSH and LH, anterior pituitary