Terms in this set (37)
presence of testicular and ovarian tissue in the same individual
discrepancy between genetic/gonadal sex and phenotypic sex
In a patient with ________ pseudohermaphroditism, testes are present.
In a patient with ________ pseudohermaphroditism, ovaries are present.
androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS)
type of male pseudohermaphroditism characterized by a lack of functional androgen receptors
male, male, neither, female
A patient with Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) lacks functional androgen receptors. Therefore, this individual will be genetically ________, gonadally ________, will have ________ reproductive tracts, and will have ________ external genetalia.
type of male pseudohermaphroditism characterized by a lack of 5 alpha reductase
male, male, male, female
A patient with guevedoces lacks 5 alpha reductase. Therefore this patient will have ________ genetics, ________ gonads, ________ reproductive tracts, and ________ external genitalia.
congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
type of female pseudohermaphroditism characterized by a lack of adrenal 21-hydroxylase (P450c21), which results in increased DHEA (androgen) exposure before birth
female, female, both, male
A patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) lacks adrenal 21 hydroxylase, and is therefore exposed to high levels of androgens in utero. This patient has ________ genetics, ________ gonads, ________ reproductive tracts, and ________ external genitalia.
spermatogenesis, secrete testosterone
dual function of the testes
function of LH receptors on leydig cells
ABP (androgen binding protein), aromatase, estrogen, inhibin
Activation of FSH receptors on sertoli cells stimulate production of ________, ________ (to produce ________), and ________ in the testes.
The majority of testosterone is weakly bound to ________.
When activated by ________, ________ cells produce testosterone.
When stimulated by ________, ________ cells produce ABP, inhibin, aromatase (estrogen), and stimulate spermatogenesis (production of spermatozoa-->seminiferous tubule)
AR:AR, androgen response element (ARE)
The genomic effect of testosterone is activated when the ________ homodimer is formed in the cytosol of the target cell and moves into the nucleus to activate the ________.
hypogonadism due to a chromosomal condition in men (XXY); sexual differentiation is unaffected (the patient is a genetic, gonadal, and phenotypic male), but are characterized by varying degrees of decreased Leydig cell function and seminiferous tubule failure
hairless facial skin
reduced pubic hair
abnormal development/enlargement of breast tissue greater than 2 cm in diameter in males
synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone testosterone
oogenesis, estrogen, progesterone, inhibin
The dual function of ovaries is ________ and to secrete ________, ________, and ________.
egg, granulosa cells, theca cells
A follicle is composed of ________ immediately surrounded by ________, which are immediately surrounded by ________.
phases of the ovarian cycle in chronological order
menses, proliferatie, secretory
phases of the uterine cycle in chronological order
AUB (abnormal uterine bleeding)
bleeding between monthly periods, prolonged bleeding, or extreme flow
absence of monthly menstrual periods for 3 or more months
infrequent menstruation (less than every 35 days)
cramps and pelvic pain with menstruation
PMS and PMDD typically occurs between ovulation and period (during the ________ phase of the uterine cycle)
benign tumors of the myometrium
presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity
polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
endocrine disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges - can result in hypertrophy of the ovaries as well as hirsutism
polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
A patient with ________ will have unchanging hormone levels throughout the month. This is characterized by high AMH. It causes additional follicle recruitment but prevents follicle development. This results in anovulation.
Insulin resistance is also characteristic.
The arrested follicles produce high levels of DHEA, causing masculinization.
The hormonal profile throughout the month is unchanging levels of LH, low FSH, low progesterone, high estrogen.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Male Gonadal Disorders
Sexual Differentiation and Male Reproductive Physiology
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Scribe America Terms and Abbreviations
Immunology Exam 1
Neurophysiology Final: Voluntary Movements