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Extension Poetic Devices
Terms in this set (34)
Repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea, such as a well-known person, place, event, story, or work of art, literature, music, pop culture.
Deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work. An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way-- this is done on purpose by the author, when it is not done on purpose, it is vagueness, and detracts from the work.
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
Inversion of the usual, normal, or logical order of the parts of a sentence. Purpose is rhythm or emphasis or euphony. It is a fancy word for inversion.
Attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object, us. for mythological purposes
Brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life, or of a principle or accepted general truth. Also called maxim, epigram.
The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are near one another
Verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.
In poetry, a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed.
Giving characteristics of an object to a person.
A metaphor that has been used so often that the comparison is no longer vivid: "The head of the house", "the seat of the government", "a knotty problem" are all dead metaphors.
Device of repetition in which the same expression (single word or phrase) is repeated both at the beginning and at the end of the line, clause, or sentence. Voltaire: "Common sense is not so common."
Device of repetition in which the same expression (single word or phrase) is repeated at the end of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences (it is the opposite of anaphora).
Extended Metaphor (conceit)
A metaphor that is extended or developed as far as the writer wants to take it.
A figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement, for effect. "If I told you once, I've told you a million times...."
A line of poetry with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable. "Two households, both alike in dignity"
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, a thing, a place, or an experience
Does not state explicitly the two terms of the comparison: "I like to see it lap the miles" is an implied metaphor in which the verb lap implies a comparison between "it" and some animal that "laps" up water
The reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase.
Poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect of surprise and wit. Ezra Pound: "The apparition of these faces in the crowd;/ Petals on a wet, black bough." Also a form of contrast by which writers call attention to dissimilar ideas or images or metaphors.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles.
Meter is a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a verse, or within the lines of a poem. Stressed syllables tend to be longer, and unstressed shorter. In simple language, meter is a poetic device that serves as a linguistic sound pattern for the verses, as it gives poetry a rhythmical and melodious sound. Simplified, can be discussed as number of syllables per line.
A metaphor that has gotten out of control and mixes its terms so that they are visually or imaginatively incompatible. "The President is a lame duck who is running out of gas."
The use of words whose sounds echo their sense. "Pop." "Zap."
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. "Jumbo shrimp." "Pretty ugly." "Bitter-sweet"
The use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.
A word blending the sounds and combining the meanings of two others, for example motel (from 'motor' and 'hotel') or brunch (from 'breakfast' and 'lunch').
The action of repeating something that has already been said or written for effect.
A rhyming poem has the repetition of the same sounds of two or more words, often at the end of a line and can be identified by labeling A, B, C etc. for each rhyme.
A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as , than, or resembles.
A figure of speech in which a part represents the whole. "If you don't drive properly, you will lose your wheels." The wheels represent the entire car.
A single metrical line of poetry.
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