MWH FINAL EXAM - IMPERIALISM (2)
Terms in this set (30)
White Man's Burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to the less civilized black inhabitants
--this was also a poem - very racist
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
The first African country to be colonized
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
Sphere of Influence
Scramble for Africa
The rapid invasion of Africa by the various European powers. This began imperialism in Africa.
When European nations met in Germany to divide up Africa (no Africans were invited)
the modernization and industrialization of Japan in the 1800's
Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
Leader of the Indian independence movement who used nonviolence/civil disobedience
Indians were forced to but British salt, so the salt march protested against laws that ban the making of salt from sea water. The march brought publicity in India's quest for independence
Sayagratha / civil disobedience
Treaty of Nanking
King of Belgium who employed Henry Morton Stanley to help develop commercial ventures and establish a colony called the Congo Free State in the basin of the Congo River
Sino Japanese War
(1st Sino-Jap war) Japan vs. China imperialistic war
--> Japan wins and gets colonies
Russo Jap War
Leopold and Belgian Congo
The Belgium king (King Leopold) took over the Congo River in Africa, causing other countries to be interested in Africa. By 1914 only Liberia and Ethiopia were left independent.
A policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights.