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32 terms

Cell Organelles and Their Functions

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mitochondria
produces energy through cellular respiration
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transport and storage
ribosomes
create proteins
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
creates lipids or fat
chloroplast
creates glucose
golgi apparatus
synthesis, packages and releases concentrate proteins or lipids
golgi body
protein or lipid enters the cytoplasm
cytoplasm
where all chemicals take place
glycoprotein
short sugar chains attached to proteins
glyco lipids
lipids attached to proteins
cisternae
flattened stacked membrane folds
liposome
small membrane bounded transport vesicles
peroxisome
microbodies found in animal cells
glyoxysome
microbodies found in plant cells
centrioles
for cellular division and cellular reproduction
cytoskeleton
supports structure and helps move synthesized proteins
lysosomes
contain hydrolytic enzymes for digestion
cilia
hair like structures
flagellum
tail
contractile vacuole
pump water out of cell
red blood cells
carries oxygen, glucose
vesicle
moves protein, lipid and carbohydrate
nuclear envelope
surrounds the nucleus
vacuole
contains food or water
cell membrane
separates cell contents from the environment
microtubules
provide internal support
nucleus
information center of the cell
nucleolus
site of ribosome synthesis
chromatin
threadlike mass of DNA
skeletal
tissues attached by tendons to bones
smooth
tissues on the wall of the guts; the iris of the eye
cardiac
tissues at the heart