Arts & Education Final
Terms in this set (108)
How do classroom drama and dance help children learn oral english?
-the child doesn't feel as self-conscious
-helps them understand words through non-verbal communication that they have not yet learned
-gestures and facial expressions are universal and children are able to communicate in this way despite difference in languages
In what ways does puppet theater encourage kids to experiment and try different roles?
-the focus is taken off of them as an individual
-doesn't matter what the person looks like because ultimately the image is that of the puppet. All that is needed then is imagination
-allows student to try a variety of roles, many times very different than themselves in everyday life
What are the advantages of working on puppet theater performance with a class with students of a wide variety of english proficiencies?
-the roles of sound effects and noises are still helpful in puppetry
-imaginative engagement and understanding is more important than the role played, such as empathizing with emotions of characters
Why can the absence of a conversation partner be a major stumbling block for young writers?
-can't read the expressions of their "audience"/reader
-in conversations people provide cues, such as questions, clarifications, help each other stay on topic
-harder to activate memories
Explain how teachers can help novice writers overcome writers' block and revise early drafts to provide the information a reader would need to comprehend the writer's meaning.
-quick writes, followed by a discussion in the next class (even a few participants is enough for everyone to benefit from the discussion by hearing different points of views). After this they would flesh it out until it becomes a short story. Pair them up with another student and have them revise and point gaps in reasoning.
-using arts-based prompts that do not require much background knowledge
It has been argued that melody constitutes the "music's soul". What characteristic of music supports that statement?
What do all the world's musical traditions have in common?
-music's ability to touch the soul and connect emotions. Even when we do not understand the lyrics somehow we are able to understand and feel the emotion of the singer. Creates a bridge between different cultures using emotions as that connector.
-pentatonic scale, all of world's music traditions are made up of 5 notes
What two universal human experiences help to explain our toe-tapping attraction to rhythm?
-our walk, pace, breathing
Aristotle on Virtue: Where does predictably good behavior come from?
What does Aristotle mean by the terms "moral exemplar" and "golden mean"?
-predictably good behavior comes from habituation. Doing the action over and over so that it becomes natural.
-a moral exemplar is someone who naturally demonstrates virtue and would be called a role model, golden mean is somewhere in between two vices (not too excessive and not deficient) and it is the wisest decision to do according to each situation.
What is unusual about the color blue as it appears in nature?
What changed the situation so blue was found more?
-blue couldn't be grasped, it was seen in the sky and the ocean. But it always seemed unreachable. It was used to represent exotic and strange realms.
-arab traders brought lapis lazuli, from here in venice painters found way to grind it into paint.
Why did ancient people value gold so highly?
Our culture has put an immense amount of pure gold to a very different use than any previous culture. What is so different about how our culture utilizes gold?
-it looked nice, it looked warm and radiant. The only other thing that had the same feeling and color was the sun. So when they appreciated the sun they would use gold. Gold never tarnishes.
-In the past people wanted to display their gold for all to see but now most of us will store it away in banks.
Although we have plays from the Greeks that are 2500 years old, how come the music of the ancient Greeks is lost to us?
What was Guido of Arezzo's contribution to music? Why is this important?
-at the time they didn't have a system to write music. By the time they were conquered by the Romans they still didn't have a system so it was lost.
-he created music notation. This allowed music to be replicated even if the player had never heard the tune previously. It made it possible to pass on music.
What is meant by "equal temperament" in music?
Why was the invention of "equal temperament" important?
-without equal temperament many different instruments were unable to play in tune together.
-temperament means tuning. It equalized distance between the 12 notes per octave. Allowed modern orchestra possible.
What 3 things does Sir Ken Robinson say all of the world's high performing educational systems do?
1) Teaching profession is highly valued. They acknowledge that the education system will not be improved without good teachers. Give the support for teacher development.
2) Power is given to the local level (the schools) rather than to corporations. This makes sense because it is the schools that see and know what their students need. Less regulation on what the teachers do.
3) Individualize teaching in order to engage the student's curiosity, creativity and individuality.
Why does Sir Ken Robinson think that the US has not raised student achievement, despite large investments into school reform?
-schools are viewed as industries rather than individualistic for the students.
-policymakers think that if everything was tuned just right then the system would run smoothly in the future.
-they need to individualize education at the school level rather than at the policy level.
What change does neurologist Oliver Sacks describe in patients with advanced Alzheimer's when they hear a song they had once sung?
-even if they are confused, they have a lost language response to songs they had once sung.
-memories that were previously inaccessible resurface. They begin to smile and join in. They regain part of their memory/life that they had when they first heard that song.
-lucidity and pleasure can last for hours afterwards.
According to Eisner, the concepts of order tidiness -- uniformity and standardization -- that have been imposed on the public school curriculum have excluded what important offshoot of genuine learning?
B) information processing
In differentiating between the mind and the brain, Eisner says that brains are "biological resources" while m ind are "forms of..."
A) memory storage
B) problem solving tools
C) cultural achievement
Eisner asserts that how students learn to think and what they are able to think about is profoundly affected by...
A) school curriculum & how it is taught
B) family background
C) personal aptitudes
school curriculum & how it is taught
An image or idea only acquires social value if it is...
A) applicable to the problem
B) recalled with clarity
C) converted into public form
converted into public form
Eisner argues that the arts, when well-taught, are fundamental in refining sensibility and cultivating the capacity to...
A) plan for the future
B) recall past events
C) think imaginatively
A noun like "tree" can be treated as simply an example of a larger abstract class, entitled "trees". When that happens, the individual tree is...
A) given a label but perceived
B) largely ignored
C) carefully studied
given a label but perceived
The arts, including language arts, are means through which
A) meaning can be made & shared
B) feelings are expressed
C) reality is duplicated
meaning can be made & shared
Japanese Haiku is a form of poetry that has how many lines per stanza?
A) 4 lines
B) 5 lines
C) 2 lines
D) 3 lines
Haiku poets primarily write about
A) common, everyday experiences usually involving natural objects
B) historical occurrences that have shaped subsequent events
C) dramatic situations that involve heroic characters
common, everyday experiences usually involving natural objects
Which of the following is NOT true?
A) Haiku avoid complicated words and grammar
B) Haiku are highly accessible, even to students with short attention spans
C) Haiku always use complete sentences
D) Haiku poetry appeals to both young and old
Haiku always use complete sentences
Tribes of the Sioux Nation maintained historical calendars composed of winter counts. Tribe historians would
A) preserve the history of their tribe entirely by memory, never making use of pictures of European-style writing
B) depict a significant event for each year on a buffalo or deer skin
C) keep leather books in which they recorded detailed accounts of important events
depict a significant event for each year on buffalo or deer skin
Which of the following is NOT true of poetry?
A) Poetry is characterized by its meter
B) poetry is a literary work in verse
C) Poetry is literary work that rhymes
D) Poetry is characterized by its pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Poetry is literary work that rhymes
"Imagery" refers to vivid descriptions that produce mental pictures
For children who speak a language other than English at home to learn to read and write in English, they must first learn
A) the most frequently used words in English language textbooks
B) oral English
C) how to sound out English words
Many teachers in the elementary grades have not received training in encouraging meaningful verbal interactions in the classroom.
When children improvise scenes from stories, they
A) don't see the point of acting out a story they have already read
B) immediately bring their own experiences to bear, helping them to understand the feelings of the characters
C) see the scenes in the story the same way they do when they read the story
immediately bring their own experiences to bear, helping them to understand the feelings of the characters
When children feed a make-believe situation into their own knowledge base,
A) they struggle to understand the relationship between events in the story and what the characters do
B) the decontextualized language on the page interferes with comprehension of what is going on in the story
C) children arrive at feelings and utterances appropriate for playing the role of a character in that story
children arrive at feelings and utterances appropriate for playing the role of a character in that story
If children can sound out the words in a sentence, it is clear that they understand that sentence.
Writing essentially consists of
A) communicating emotion
B) responding to a prompt
C) remembering what once knows about a subject
D) figuring out what information a reader will need and deciding how best to provide that information
figuring out what information a reader will need and deciding how best to provide that information
Writing differs from conversation in that
A) there is no audience
B) there is an assigned topic
C) when people talk, they can change the direction of the conversation as often as they life
there is no audience
The difficulties facing novice writers can be addressed by including writing as part of a broader dialogue that includes both oral and written components.
The immediacy of arts-based prompts can provide a pivotal advantage when teaching persuasive writing because
A) students only have to concentrate for a short period of time
B) students do not need to make an effective argument; they can just describe what they heard or saw
C) there are no "right" answers when describing one's own aesthetic experience; so students don't have to worry about whether their answer is "correct" and can focus on the effectiveness of their arguments
there are no "right" answers when describing one's own aesthetic experience; so students don't have to worry about whether their answer is "correct" and can focus on the effectiveness of their arguments
When a teacher has students do a quick-write in class, as preparation for a class discussion,
A) students tend to copy each others' ideas
B) the quick-write requires each student to arrive at an individual solution to the problem posed by the writing prompt before the discussion starts
C) the teacher is forced to spend a long time giving each student a chance to speak
the quick-write requires each student to arrive at an individual solution to the problem posed by the writing prompt before the discussion starts
Bringing children to museums once a year is enough to teach them a love of art.
Which of the following is NOT a dimension on which creativity may operate?
A) cognitive processes
B) social/emotional processes
C) lessons in which children fill out workbook pages
lessons in which children fill out workbook pages
The benefits that university art students can derive from doing fieldwork teaching the arts in K-12 schools include all of the following EXCEPT
A) when university arts students are asked to share what they have learned, they are compelled to reflect more deeply on the nature of artistic experience
B) In responding to the challenge of teaching children, university students lose confidence in their ability to present ideas to people who are unfamiliar with them
C) the transition from arts student to teacher requires the transformation of each university student's expertise from abstract procedural knowledge to a more flexible and fully assimilated performance capacity that can be adapted to a wide variety of situations
In responding to the challenge of teaching children, university students lose confidence in their ability to present ideas to people who are unfamiliar with them
Which of the following is NOT a benefit that university students interested in a career in teaching may gain from doing fieldwork with children in K-12 schools?
A) Learning to interact with children in ways that reward curiosity, build motivation (especially internal motivation), and provide a balance between freedom and structure
B) decreased interest in furthering their knowledge of the disciplines they studied at the university
C) experience in transforming their knowledge in such a way as to make it understandable to the novice and useful in a setting outside the university
Decreased interest in furthering their knowledge of the disciplines they studied at the university
The benefits that children who attend K-12 schools in low-income neighborhoods are likely to receive from arts lessons delivered by university students include all of the following EXCEPT
A) a "leveling of the playing field" in terms of opportunities available to children in affluent neighborhoods and those children who neighborhood schools have limited resources
B) diminished support for exploring their unique capacities as individuals
C) encouragement to discover in themselves artistic talents of which they had been unaware
diminished support for exploring their unique capacities as individuals
"Color" is an element of visual art that can be described in terms of two qualities. Which of the following is NOT one of these qualities?
A) Hue, which defined the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc.
B) Intensity, which describes the purity or strength of a color
C) Lightness, the degree of light and dark in an image
Lightness, the degree of light and dark in an image
Texture is the surface quality of an object that we sense through touch. It can be real or implied by different uses of art media. Which of the following is NOT an adjective that would be used to describe texture?
Line can be defined as a path made by a moving point or as a mark on a surface that describes a shape or outline. It can be thick or think -- or actual, implied, vertical, horizontal or diagonal. Which f the following could NOT be called a line?
A) a shade or highlight
B) an outline or a sillhouette
C) the edge of a shape or form
a shade or highlight
A "form" has three dimensions, height, width, and depth. Which of the following could NOT be called a "form"?
A) a shape
B) a cube
C) a sphere
Which of the following is NOT an element of visual art?
According to Sir Ken, if you are not prepared to be wrong you will
A) never come up with anything original
B) be motivated to study hard for tests
C) have lots of arguments
never come up with anything original
Public school systems around the world are relatively new. They were created in the
A) 19th century (1800s)
B) 20th century (1900s)
C) 17th century (1600s)
D) 18th century (1700s)
19th century (1800s)
In what hierarchical order of importance does Sir Ken say he has seen in school subjects ranked all around the world?
Mathematics, Languages, Humanities, Arts
Classrooms in which children are expected to sit quietly at their desks
A) are necessary to keep order in the classroom
B) are best for your English language learners because they do not have to risk embarrassment by speaking out loud in a language they do not know well
C) do not serve young English language learners well because ELLs need direct and frequent verbal interaction with individuals who know the second language well and can provide the English learner with accurate feedback
do not serve young English language learners well because ELLs need direct and frequent verbal interaction with individuals who know the second language well and can provide the English learner with accurate feedback
Which of the following is NOT a reason why ELLs benefit from vibrant arts programs?
A) sitting quietly and drawing or painting helps ELLs to avoid the embarrassment of making mistakes in oral English during verbal interactions
B) visual and performing arts lessons can provide many opportunities for ELLs to mime, act out, respond with gestures and get feedback, allowing children to experiment with the new language while they are still learning its rules and structure
C) visual and performing arts lessons create a playful atmosphere in which children do not feel like they are being judged when they cannot remember a word
sitting quietly and drawing or painting helps ELLs to avoid the embarrassment of making mistakes in oral English during verbal interactions
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of "intellective competence"?
A) the cognitive skills needed to reason by analogy and metaphor
B) lack of interest in using the intellectual skills one has been taught to make sense of one's experience
C) the capacity to hypothesize and confirm relationships between disparate phenomena
D) an evolving ability to bring order to the potential chaos of a flood of information
lack of interest in using the intellectual skills one has been taught to make sense of one's experience
Today's kindergarten classrooms have come to resemble the first grade classrooms of decades past, emphasizing formal reading and math instruction, instead of play and socialization.
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of puppet theater?
A) a shy child cannot portray a bold, brash character; a child who has difficulty keeping still in class is unable to manipulate a puppet to portray a slow-moving, timid creature
B) any student can play any part; it does not matter what size, age, gender, ethnicity one is
C) the child puppeteer is able to try out different roles, metaphorically learning what it is like to walk in another's shoes
a shy child cannot portray a bold, brash character; a child who has difficulty keeping still in class is unable to manipulate a puppet to portray a slow-moving, timid creature
Child puppeteers often wear black shirts and black gloves when manipulating their puppets on-stage because
A) the audience sees the puppet and doesn't notice the puppeteer when the puppeteer is wearing black
B) this makes them feel more like a team
C) black clothing helps audience members pick out the puppeteers
the audience sees the puppet and doesn't notice the puppeteer when the puppeteer is wearing black
When imagining the hopes and fears of famished goats trying to cross a bridge guarded by a hungry troll -- or of three little pigs trying to escape a big, bad wolf--
A) children are limited by their ability to express themselves in correct English sentences
B) children find it difficult to relate to the plot of fairy tales from outside their home culture
C) children can bring to bear their life experiences and their abilities, no matter what their level of facility with oral English
children can bring to bear their life experiences and their abilities, no matter what their level of facility with oral English
Which of the following is NOT a reason why a rich arts curriculum can be especially important at urban schools that serve diverse, low-income neighborhoods?
A) arts lessons allow children to take a rest from learning and just be kids
B) the visual and performing arts provide a valuable outlet for children who must walk through dangerous streets to get to school and may need an opportunity to work through the tensions and challenges they have experienced in their lives outside of school
C) the arts can help create a cultural meeting place within the classroom, so that meaningful human encounters can take place across the metaphoric borders that separate cultural enclaves in the surrounding neighborhood
arts lessons allow children to take a rest from learning and just be kids
Which element of music contains beat and no beat?
In which element of music do pitches go up, down, or stay the same?
Musical terms are written in what language?
Which words for tempo mean fast and very fast? [select multiple]
Which two words for tempo mean slow and very slow? [select multiple]
Which of these terms refers to two or more notes sounding at the same time?
Which element talks about overall structure or plan of piece of music and describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections (which can be discussed in terms of repetition and difference)?
What are dynamics?
A) how loud or soft a sound is
B) the way notes are played over time
C) how fast or slow sounds are played
D) how long or short a note is
how loud or soft a sound is
Timbre, also known as tone color, refers to...
A) how the sound is manipulated
B) the quality of the sound
C) how loud or soft the sound is
D) the length of the sound (how long or short it is)
the quality of the sound
Which element of music best describes how 'high' or 'low' notes sound?
Which of the following is not one of the 3 basic ingredients of melody?
A) the notes chosen
B) the pitch of the note
C) how loud the notes are
D) pattern the notes form
how loud the notes are
Howard Goodall argues that melody constitutes "music's soul." How does he support that statement?
A) Music has a powerful effect on human emotions, making it possible for music to act as a bridge between the world's cultures. We can often feel the emotional impact of a song, even when we don't understand the lyrics.
B) All of the world's musical traditions make use of the five notes that make up the pentatonic scale
C) All of the above
All of the above
Rhythm, stripped down to its basics, has a choice of which two of the following?
The "speed' of music is described with words like adagio, largo, andante or presto, which are taken from which language?
Walking down streets around the world, what typically American sound is one likely to hear?
A) American football games
B) American popular music
C) American baseball games
American popular music
Which of the following musical genres does NOT share African roots?
An African musical instrument called the "ngoni" was an ancestor of the...
Which of the following is NOT a musical style with its roots in Louisiana?
If one were to compare learning about a culture through its music or through the quantitative analysis of social science data, how might the latter experience be characterized?
A) it forges an emotional connection
B) it creates a deeper sense of shared humanity
C) it distances one from the lived experience of a culture but enhances objectivity
it distances one from the lived experience of a culture but enhances objectivity
Young people in the United States have, on average, a broad knowledge of world geography?
The article "Tracing Cultural Migration through Music" argues that
A) musical history is best taught at the university level
B) history has long been most high school students' favorite subject
C) be recreating the musical "soundtrack" of American history teachers can help K-12 students to feel a connection to the US history curriculum
be recreating the musical "soundtrack" of American history teachers can help K-12 students to feel a connection to the US history curriculum
In the 12th century, Western harmony began splitting off in a different direction from the rest of the world's music. What was so revolutionary?
A) the intentional coming together of two or more sounds to pleasant effect
B) constantly playing same note to complement a melody
C) development of 3-note chord progressions
development of 3-note chord progressions
The newest element of music is
Which aspect of music has often been associated with cooperation, human warmth, and the motion of planets?
The name from the qualities that make Western music unique -- keys and chords -- is
The development of Western harmony over the last 700 years has similarities to the development of modern science. The hierarchies of notes were there all along, before humans discovered them. But, once they were discovered and harnessed by composers, they gave immense energy and drive to Western music. What were musicians and composers trying to figure out?
A) what rhythms worked best with which combinations of notes?
B) what chords sounded best for what purposes and in what order?
C) what tempos worked best to set off various kinds of melodies?
hat chords sounded best for what purposes and in what order?
The bass line in a piece of music is its
The first instrument capable of playing a true bass line was the
The framework for the Next Generation Science Standards is built on the assumption that
A) students should be taught to understand science concepts in the same was as an adult scientist would
B) learning is a developmental progression during which children start with a very basic level of understanding and continually revise their initial conceptions about how the world works as their comprehension grows
learning is a developmental progression during which children start with a very basic level of understanding and continually revise their initial conceptions about how the world works as their comprehension grows
Piaget saw the concrete operational stage of cognitive development that lasts from around seven to eleven years of age as
A) the developmental stage when students become adept at using abstract thought
B) a time when children became mature enough to use logical rules but could only apply logic to physical objects
a time when children became mature enough to use logical rules but could only apply logic to physical objects
Once students have entered what Piaget called the "formal operations" stage (age 11+), they are able to
A) manipulate ideas in their heads without depending on external tools
B) manipulate ideas by representing them using drawings or physical objects
manipulate ideas in their heads without depending on external tools
The framework for the Next Generation Science Standards focuses on a limited number of core ideas, both within and across the STEM disciplines
A) because those who created the framework wanted to keep students interested and not let them get bored
B) in order to avoid shallow coverage if a larger number of topics were included
in order to avoid shallow coverage if a larger number of topics were included
The framework for the Next Generation Science Standards emphasizes that learning about science involves
A) a strong focus on theoretical knowledge, with less focus on hands-on learning
B) the integration of knowledge of scientific explanations and hands-on experience with the practices needed to engage in scientific inquiry and engineering design
the integration of knowledge of scientific explanations and hands-on experience with the practices needed to engage in scientific inquiry and engineering design
The article explains how a third grade teacher used an art form to demonstrate to children the relationship between Earth's rotation and the time of day. The art for the teacher used was
D) visual art
In the article, the acronym STEAM was used to represent
A) space, time, energy, atoms, mass
B) science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics
science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics
Comprehending science textbooks is difficult for many students because these books
A) do not have enough pictures and diagrams to keep students interested
B) use sophisticated words and complex grammar
use sophisticated words and complex grammar
In the study reported in this article, the group of grade 3-5 students that ended up with higher test scores
A) had extra arts-based workshops in which they represented science concepts through an art form
B) took extra hands-on workshops in which they carried out science experiments
had extra arts-based workshops in which they represented science concepts through an art form
The science concepts students learn in upper elementary school are
A) important because, among students who do not elect to take advanced science courses, naive misconceptions that are not corrected at this age may remain into adulthood
B) not important because students have many opportunities to take science courses in later years
important because, among students who do not elect to take advanced science courses, naive misconceptions that are not corrected at this age may remain into adulthood
For Aristotle, "virtue" might be defined as
A) knowing rules for conduct
B) proper human functioning
C) avoiding bad actions
proper human functioning
When choosing an action, the midpoint between doing too much and too little is known as
A) the Golden Mean
B) the Common Denominator
C) the Golden Rule
the Golden Mean
Aristotle considered virtue to be a type of skill or practical wisdom. In contemporary culture, it might be compared to
A) learning calculus
B) learning to swim
C) street smarts
Aristotle believed that people learn to be virtuous by consistently
A) imitating moral exemplars
B) following moral laws
C) focusing on results
imitating moral exemplars
The PEERs program at UCLA teaches teens on the autism spectrum to use evidence-based social skills. What does Dr. Liz Laugeson, Director of the PEERs program, say socially effective teens do when being teased?
A) act like the teasing did not bother them and as if the teasing was sort of lame
B) walk away from the person doing the teasing
C) report the teasing to an adult
D) ignore the teasing
act like the teasing did not bother them and as if the teasing was sort of lame