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15 terms

science terms 12

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classification
the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
taxonomy
practice of classifying plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships
carolus Linnaeus
sweedish botanist who developed the first successful system for classifying living things into similar groups
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial
consisting of two names or terms
nomen
name
nomenclature
A list of names or terms
genus
a group of similar species
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring
taxonomic key
A series of paired statements that describe the physical characteristics of different organisms
field guides
a collection of decriptions and illustrations of organisms
Why do biologists organize living things into groups
so that the organisms are easy to study
How is a scientific name written
The first word is the genus and is always capitalized. The second word refers to the particular species and is not capitalized. It must be written in italics, underlined, or distinctive print
How are taxonomic keys useful
taxonomic keys are useful tools for determining the identity of oganisms
What do the levels of classification indicate about the relationship between organisms
the more classification levels that two organisms share, the more characteristics they have in common