Ancient Rome Vocabulary
Terms in this set (21)
A government created in Rome where the people elect leaders to govern them
Rulers with almost absolute power
The group of common people or peasants in Rome who were calling for changing the government so they had more of a say in how the city was run.
Roman nobles who ran the government. Only they could be elected to office, so they held all political power
Romulus and Remus
Brothers who are believed to be the founders of Rome
A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leader.
The language in Ancient Rome
A group of up to 6,000 soldiers
A series of wars against Carthage, a city in northern Africa
Considered to be one of greatest generals. Started the 2nd Punic War and became the leader of Carthage.
a person, often a slave or captive, who was armed with a sword or other weapon and forced to fight to the death in a public arena against another person or a wild animal, for the entertainment of the spectators.
Former gladiator who rises up to demand freedom. Is killed in battle and revolt ends
A philosopher and gifted orator who called on the upper class to work together to make Rome a better place
A great general admired for bravery and speeches who made himself dictator and lost popularity with the people. He was assassinated by Senators who feared he would try to become King
Former assistant to Julius Caesar who set out to avenge Caesar's death and starts civil war in Rome with Octavian. Married Cleopatra of Egypt
Caesar's adopted son who fought with Anthony to avenge his father's death. He becomes emperor and sole ruler. Gives up throne to Senate, who renames him "Augustus." Marks end of Roman Republic and start of Roman Empire.
"Roman Peace" The first 200 years of the Roman Empire with a stable government and prosperity.
Raised channels used to carry water to mountains in cities
Becomes emperor in late 200s. Convinced that Rome was too large to be ruled by one person. Ruled the eastern half, appointed someone to rule other half.
The new capital of Roman Empire named after the leader Constantine who wanted to reunite Rome.
The society that developed in the Eastern Roman Empire. Run by the Greeks.