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39 terms

Art History

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STUDY
PLAY
Encaustic
a paint consisting of pigment mixed with melted beeswax
First Column Order
Doric
Free Standing
a sculpture that stands alone. It is not carved into another material.
Contrapposto
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
Doryphoros
The Canon of all human porportions (Classical Sculpture) also known as the spear-bearer
Second Column Order
Ionic
Third Column Order
Corinthian
Cement
This was really important to Romans when it came to buildings however, the Romans did not create this substance
Dionysus
This sculpture is on the East Pediment of the Parthenon and it is part of the Classical Period (It is a God holding a wine glass)
Three Goddesses
This sculpture is located on the East Pediment of the Parthenon and it is part of the Classical period. (The goddesses are shown with clothes using the wet drapery style)
Stela of Hammurabi
This sculpture shows a king praying to the sun god and his feet are bare (which meant he was on holy ground) 1,760 BCE (Hint: looks like a shield)
Dionysus Kylix
540 BCE Archaic. This Kylix shows the god of wine in a boat with wine grapes all around him. This is an example of Black Figure.
The Battle of Issos
This mosaic, 100 BCE Hellenistic, shows Alexander the Great in engaged combat.
Nike of Samothrace
This "Nike", 190 BCE Hellenistic, is a sculpture that is missing its head and has wings. This sculpture shows very detailed wet drapery.
Battle of Greeks and Amazons
Late Classical Greek High-Relief Sculpture shows the Greeks fighting warrior women.
Stonehenge
2000 BCE made by the druids of what is today called England. This series of stones is called...
Parthenon
the temple on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 b.c. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. Classical Period.
Venus de Milo
An ancient Greek statue of Venus, famous for its beauty, though its arms were broken off centuries ago. Hellenistic (Hint: found in Milo, Italy)
Kritios Boy
This is the earliest known example of contrapposto. Early Classical.
Menkaure and his Queen
2500 B.C. Egyptian. Shows a man "and his Queen"
Herakles Wrestling Antaios
510 BCE, Archaic Period, by Euphronios, red figure. each side of the Krater tells part of the story of __________.
The Blinding of Polyphemos
Most famous for its Orientalizing style this vase shows a giant's eye being stabbed out with a spear. 600 BCE.
Temple of Hera II
Paestum, Italy, ca. 460 BCE, Early Classical this is the second temple of 2 temples dedicated to this goddess. Doric Columns.
Temple of Athena Nike
had ionic columns, extremely small. Late Classical. 410 BCE
Palette of King Narmer
This stone slab represents the profile view of their king unifying both Lower and Upper Egpyt. The 2 lions symbolize the unification as well. The king in this artwork is wearing the traditional crowns of both regions. 3000 BCE. Looks like a shield or "Palette"
Portrait Head
From Delos. 80 BC. Bronze. Hellenistic.
Woman of Wilendorf
Neolithic fat "Woman" that could be carried around because she was small.
Wet Drapery
Sculpturs wanted sculptures clothing to look more realistic so the clothing looks "Wet"
Black Figure
red background & black detail in pottery
Red Figure
black background & red detail in pottery
Illusionistic Space
This illusion is used is murals and mosaics to make them look 3D while still staying 2D.
Pathos
This noble suffering facial expression can be seen in many sculptures.
Dying Trumpeter
Hellenistic style sculpture. This portrays a barbarian that is playing an instrument but he was injured in battle and is resting on his bum
Fluting
Grooves in all of the three types of columns
Peristyle/Colonnade
A row of columns
Neolithic Period
The New Stone Age
Kore
Female most famous in Archaic sculptures. Shown with Archaic Smile. Male version is Kourous.
Kouros
archaic greek sculpture of standing male. nude. free standing. female version if Kore.
Acropolis
a large hill in Athens where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs. The Parthenon is located here.