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mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

intelligence test

a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores

general intelligence (g)

a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.

factor analysis

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score

savant syndrome

a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing

Gardner's Eight Intelligences

View that intelligence consists of multiple abilities that are independent from one another (Linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalist)

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory

intelligence comes in three forms: analytical intelligence(ability to analyze), creative intelligence, and practical intelligence


the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas

emotional intelligence

the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions

perceptual speed

able to examine and compare numbers, letters, and objects quickly

neurological speed

How fast someone acquires and processes information.

divergent thinking

The type of thinking you use to think creatively or allows many possible solutions to a problem.

convergent thinking

The type of thinking which demands a single, correct answer.

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