13 terms

Unit 13 A: Intelligence-Introduction

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intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores
general intelligence (g)
a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.
factor analysis
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score
savant syndrome
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
Gardner's Eight Intelligences
View that intelligence consists of multiple abilities that are independent from one another (Linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalist)
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
intelligence comes in three forms: analytical intelligence(ability to analyze), creative intelligence, and practical intelligence
creativity
the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
emotional intelligence
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions
perceptual speed
able to examine and compare numbers, letters, and objects quickly
neurological speed
How fast someone acquires and processes information.
divergent thinking
The type of thinking you use to think creatively or allows many possible solutions to a problem.
convergent thinking
The type of thinking which demands a single, correct answer.