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GOVT 2306-Chapter 1: Jason Smith Blinn College
Terms in this set (42)
3 that manifest the ethnic, socioreligious, and socioecnomic differences that existed amont the original 13 colonies
moralistic political cultures
rooted in New England-regligious groups sought to create the Good Society. politics is the concern of everyone and government is expected to take action to promote the public good and advance the public welfare.
-citizen participation is good
-people are encouraged to pursue the public good in civic activities
Individualistic political cultures
Americans sought material wealth and personal freedom through commercial activities
-generally places low value on citizen participation in politics (more on professionals rather than citizens)
-government is strictly limited
-government's role is to ensure stability so that individuals can pursue their own interests
traditionalistic political culture
values of slave plantation economy-preindustrial values that emphasize social hierarchy and close interpersonal often familial relations among people
-concerned with preservation of tradition and existing social order
established choice party that typically runs the government
traditionalistic individualistic political culture: taxes low, social services minimized
-business leaders have major voice in how the state is run
1990's competition emerged
2002-redistricting pulled Republican majority in house & senate
once defined Texas political culture-narrow view of the world that is often associated with rural values and notions of limited government
-intolerance of diversity and a notion of public interest that dismissed social services and expenditures for education
rural rejection of modern urban lifestyles-intolerance and a narrow worldview rather than policies that might offer advantages to the state as it competes with other states and with other nations
Texas provincialism faded because?
growing influence of minorities, women, and gays in state politics, increasing urbanization, and Texas's relevance in the global economy have undercut traditional provincialism
Business dominance in Texas
labor unions are rare except in oil-refinerary areas; consumer interests poorly organized and poorly funded
-business groups are major players in Texas politics
Tx was only state to keep original public lands when it entered the Union in 1845. turned public lands over to private ownership-but kept ownership of minerals under some of this land, including land containing oil and natural gas
privatization of public property
property rules and regulations under which ecnomic development would take plae in the state.
-gave state an owernship of mineral rights that would provide funding for elementary and secondary education as well
-Mostly flat farmland, especially in West Texas. Dominant crops are cotton, wheat, and sorghum.
-Oil in West Texas
-Rio Grande area has citrus fruits and winter vegetables with some cattle ranches
- Struggle between ranch politics of yesterday and current high-tech politics
Gulf Coastal Plain
-political life grew out of Gulf Coastal Plains
-foundation of plantation life when slavery flourished
-East TX was first oil boom
-Suburban areas more Republic
-Urban areas more Democratic
predominantly ag ecnomy and rural population
large cattle raising industry
dominated by conservitive politics-Republican party
Ranching and petroleum production dominate the economy
-agriculture and cotton production
large-scale irrigation from underwater resevoirs
-major concern is pumping out of aquifer exceeds replenishment
Basin & Range Province
rainfall and population sparse in this region-
TX and Mexico are joined at hip echonomically and demographically
capitalist economic system as a process of "creative destruction"
-creates new economic and social world and destroys old ones
-1st: cotton & cattle
-3rd: high-tech digital economy
oldest crops in TX
lived on farms owned by landowners, provided their own animals, tools, and seed
-received two-thirds of final value of cotton grown and landlord received other 1/3
-almost 1/2 of state farmers were tenants by turn of century
furnished only labor, but received only 1/2 of value
Consequences of tenant and sharecropping system
-condemned many rural Texans to lives of social and economic dependency
-"crop-lien" system devleoped by landlords and merchants to extend credit to farmers-farmers would profit when their debts had been paid or new loans had been made to pay off old debts
-trap farmers in debt cycle
-system helped fuel radial political discontent in rural areas
-sparked Grange and Populist movements
offered immigrants an attractive alternative to farming during Mexican and ROT rule
-cattle market took off after Civil War
-ranch lands transformed from open range to fenced pasturing
-land conflicts broke out
-TX normally leads nation in livestock production
growing demand following Civil War-first economically significant near Corsicana in 1894
-Oil fever spread after discovery at Spindletop
defining feature of TX economy: create a free-trade zone. free of customs duties in North Aerica
people move from rural to urban areas
people move out of central city areas to currounding suburban areas
Which of the physical regions is characterized by presence of many of the state's largest ranches?
Which region is found in the westernmost part of Texas?
Basin and Range Province
Explain how Texas's geogrphay has influenced its political culture
Because of Texas's immense size, the state's topography is diverse, with east Texas's flat lands, west Texas's arid climate, and central Texas's hill country all representing diverse ecosystems and land patterns.
Trace evolution of Texas's economy
The Texas economy has undergone a series of technological transformations over the past 100 years. Once the Texas economy was grounded in cotton and ranching. Oil production came to play an important role in the twentieth century. Today, high technology and international trade play important roles in the state's economy. Texas appears to have weathered the Great Recession better than most other states.
the creation of new products and production methods completely destroys the market positions of firms that are wedded to existing products and older ways of doing business
Which industry controlled the politics and economy of Texas for most of the twentieth century?
Unlike earlier eras, the Texas economy of the twenty-first century features
computers, electronics, and other high-tech products
NAFTA refers to
an international trade agreement
What is meant by the "great recession"?
A time of economic problems beginning in late 2007 ledger analogies to the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Explain how the population of Texas has changed over time.
Texas demography has changed over the last century. once dominated by whites, texas now has a large Latino population that, when coupled with the african american population and other minorities, makes Texas a majority-minority state. despite considerable overall wealth in Texas, Texans tend to be younger and poorer than the average American
Which of the following accounts for most of Texas's population growth today?
natural increases as a result of the difference between births and deaths
Which of the following is not true?
San Anontio has a larger white population than Latino
Describe Texas's shift from a rural society to an urban one
initially a rural state, Texas has urbanized, with Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas-Fort Worth representing the largest metropolitan areas in the state. this process of urbanization has changed the state's economy from an agricultural powerhouse to a high-tech and innovative economy
The three major metropolitan areas in TX are
Houston, Dallas-Forth Worth, and San Antonio
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