Criminal Law Unit 3 - Court System
Terms in this set (15)
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that were originally tried in lower courts.
Courts that hear civil and criminal cases and consider the facts only and will determine the guilt or liability in the case.
Court of Last Resort
The court authorized by law to hear the final appeal on a matter. (Supreme Court)
An attorney employed by the government to represent criminal defenders who cannot afford to pay for a lawyer.
A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. These are the courts that determine the facts about a case.
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
Any act of violence involving family members
Rights of the Accused
The protections that the Constitution guarantees to citizens who are accused of crimes. Found in the 5th and 6th amendments.
A process whereby the police interview a suspect for the purpose of gathering evidence and obtaining a confession
A legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial
Criminal Defense Attorney
The attorney representing the person who has been accused of committing a crime paid for by the person accused.
A hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty
The initial appearance of an arrested individual before a judge, who determines whether there was probable cause for the arrest. If the judge ascertains that probable cause did not exist, the individual is freed.
Release from jail or a pretrial detention center pending adjudication of the case.
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