Criminal Law Unit 5 - Prisons and Sentencing
Terms in this set (21)
A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial
a bail alternative in which the defendant is released from custody if he or she agrees to court-ordered terms and restrictions
The initial appearance of an arrested individual before a judge, who determines whether there was probable cause for the arrest. If the judge ascertains that probable cause did not exist, the individual is freed.
Nolo Contendere (no contest)
A pleading of no contest by a defendant; a plea in a criminal action not admitting guilt but subjecting the defendant to punishment as though it were a guilty plea.
Your statement of guilt or innocence
Plea Bargain Agreement
An agreement in which the accused admits to a lesser crime than charged. In return, the government agrees to impose a lesser sentence than might have been obtained had the case gone to trial.
The setting of bail in the form of land, houses, stocks, or other tangible property. In the event that the defendant absconds before trial, the bond becomes the property of the court.
Released on one's own Recognizance
The situation that occurs when the court does not require the defendant to post bail at the preliminary hearing. Despite the lack of bail, the defendant is obligated to return for further proceedings.
The attempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment
A repetition of or return to criminal behavior
A program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses
Prison terms for two or more offenses to be served one after the other. Example: Two five-year sentences and one three-year sentence, if served consecutively, result in a maximum of 13 years behind bars.
One of two or more sentences imposed at the same time, after conviction for more than one offense, and served at the same time. Also, a new sentence for a new conviction, imposed upon a person already under sentence for a previous offense, served at the same time as the previous sentence.
Truth in Sentencing
A close correspondence between the sentence imposed on an offender and the time actually served in prison.
Judges must impose whatever sentence the law directs
The release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision
To grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain restrictions
The act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage
An institution for the incarceration of people convicted of serious crimes, usually felonies
An institution authorized to hold pretrial detainees and sentenced misdemeanors for periods longer than 48 hours
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