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WHII Exam Review (people)
Terms in this set (23)
She was the prime minister of England during the 1980s. She was a tough conservative leader who strengthened relations with the United States and asserted the UK as a military power in the face of the Soviet Union. She believed strongly in free trade and less government interference. Thatcher also got GB in a war over the Falkland Islands.
led a violent struggle against GB in Kenya and later became the prime minister of Kenya.
Takes over as leader in mid-1980s and Soviet Union economy is really struggling (in part pressure from President Reagan's military spending) so Gorbachev instituted Perestroika (restructuring)- implemented capitalist ideas in economy in an attempt to lift standard of living ( similar to Lenin's New Economic Policy), didn't work "Glasnost (openness)- tried to end of secrecy and suppression inSoviet Union.
Under his rule, China implemented free-market reforms (like New Economic Policy), believed that the country should try to fight poverty even if it meant to compromising communist principles. *Created Special Economic zones allowing private businesses, lifted millions of Chinese out of poverty.
Orchestrated by Pol Pot in Cambodia-artists, technicians, former government officials, monks, minorities, and other educated individuals were killed.
Struggle or equality was led by Nelson Mandela who became the first black president of South America.
American admiral who opened Japan to trade with U.S in 1853. This leads to the overthrow of the Tokugawa Regime and Meiji Era. *Rapid modernization and emergence of world power.
Improved process of making steel, led to the mass production of steel.
He was a German Philosopher who believed history of world was a class struggle in which rich deprived the lower classes of rights. *Wrote the Communist Manifesto. He thought that after societies industrialized, workers (called the proletariat) should violently revolt and overthrow capitalist factory owners (bourgeoisie).
He ends New Economic Policy and creates Command Economy (government controls everything). Also makeS Five Year Plans
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution.
The main leader of the Indian Independence movement. He used passive resistance to achieve his goals.
33rd President of the United States. Led the U.S. to victory in WWII making the ultimate decision to use atomic weapons for the first time. Shaped U.S. foreign policy regarding the Soviet Union after the war. *Truman Doctrine
Invented the cotton gin
Gamal Abdul Nassar
He was the President of Egypt who nationalized Suez Canal in 1950s. He established a closer relationship with the Soviet Union and used appeals of Arab nationalism. He also built the Aswan High Dam, which has helped the Egyptian economy by controlling the Nile River.
Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Leader of the Communist Party in China who overthrew Chiang Kai-Shek, the Nationalist leader. Land Reform: base of support (peasants follow Mao). Great Leap Forward- established collective farms, starved millions. Cultural Revolution- Mao's attempt to reassert control and appeal to young *leads to massive purges and widespread human rights violations.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Osama Bin Laden
(1957-) Founder of al Qaeda, the terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other attacks.
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam
He rejects socialism. Started out as a socialist but turned to extreme nationlist during WWI. Founded Fascism. Nationalism + militarism. *Attracted veterans, wealthy, and even lower middle class. Employed gang of thugs "Black Shirts" -1922 March on Rome, terrified king appointed Mussolini premier. 1994-25 had full control of Italy (II Duce) achieved through propaganda and disorganized enemies
-Corporatism: government controlled economic blocks. Also used public work programs to help curb unemployment. Aggressive foreign policy. Spazio Vitale- vital space
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
1919 Ottoman Empire by Turkish Nationalist movement known as the "Young Turks"
Led by Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk "Father of the Turks") no more occupation of Turkey
Fight a war with Greece and Allies to reestablish borders of Turkey and win, leads to Treaty of Lausanne (League of Nations does nothing)
Ataturk established a secular Republic of Turkey
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